This article is made by our expert to answer one of the popular searched results about **BCECE Physics syllabus and recommended Books.** Bihar Combined Entrance Competitive Examination (BCECE) is a state level engineering entrance examination conducted by the Bihar Combined Entrance Competitive Examination Board (BCECEB). Every year lac of Aspirants appears for the state level entrance examination of BCECE to get admission in various government and private engineering colleges spread all across The state.

The BCECE Exam is conducted in two stages, namely, stage 1 (Pre) and stage 2 (Mains) for admission to the various Undergraduate courses in engineering and agriculture. Appearing candidates are advised to thoroughly go through BCECE Physics syllabus 2019 in order to have a complete grip on the subject and prepare for the entrance exam as per the prescribed syllabus only.

Contents

- 0.1 Physical world and measurement
- 0.2 Kinematics
- 0.3 Laws of Motion
- 0.4 Work, Energy, and Power
- 0.5 A Motion of System of Particles and Rigid body.
- 0.6 Gravitation
- 0.7 Properties of Bulk Matter
- 0.8 Heat and Thermodynamics
- 0.9 The behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory
- 0.10 Oscillations and Waves.
- 0.11 Electrostatics
- 0.12 Current Electricity
- 0.13 Magnetic effects of current & Magnetism
- 0.14 Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating currents
- 0.15 Electromagnetic Waves
- 0.16 Optics
- 0.17 Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
- 0.18 Atoms and Nuclei
- 0.19 Electronic Devices
- 0.20 Communication Systems
- 1 Physics Books Recommended for BCECE 2019

**Physical world and measurement**

- Scope and excitement, nature of physical laws; Physics, technology, and society.
- Need for measurement: Units of measurement, systems of units. S.I. units, fundamental and derived units, length, mass and time measurements, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, errors in measurement, significant figures, regular and irregular errors.
- Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis, and its applications.

## Kinematics

- A frame of reference, Motion in straight line, position-time graph, speed, and velocity. Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity. Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity time and position time graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).
- Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion.
- Scalar and vector quantities: Position and displacement vectors, general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number, addition, and subtraction of vectors, relative velocity.
- Unit vector, Resolution of a vector in a plane-rectangular component.
- Motion in a plane, Cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration – projectile motion, uniform circular motion.

## Laws of Motion

- Intuitive concept of force, Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion, momentum and Newton’s Second law of motion, impulse, Newton’s third law of motion, Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications.
- Equilibrium of concurrent forces, static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication, dynamics of
- uniform circular motion: centripetal force examples of circular motion (vehicle on a level circular road, vehicle on banked road).

## Work, Energy, and Power

- The scalar product of Vector work done by a constant force and a variable force, kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power.
- The notion of potential energy, the potential energy of a spring, conservative forces; conservation of mechanical energy (Kinetic and potential energies), non-conservative forces, elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimension.

**A Motion of System of Particles and Rigid body.**

- Center of a mass of the two-particle system, momentum, conservation and centre of mass motion, a centre of mass of a rigid body, centre of mass of circular ring, disc, rod, and sphere.
- Vector product of vectors; the momentum of a force, torque angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum with some examples.
- Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation, and equations of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motion, the moment of inertia, a radius of gyration. Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation), statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.

**Gravitation**

- Kepler’s laws of planetary motion, The universal law of gravitation, Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth.
- Gravitational potential energy, gravitational potential, escape velocity, orbital velocity of satellite, Geo-stationary satellites.

## Properties of Bulk Matter

- Elastic behaviour, stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, Bulk modulus, Deformation, Shear modulus of rigidity.
- Pressure due to a fluid column, Pascal’s law and its applications / hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes). Effect of gravity on fluid pressure.
- Viscosity, Stoke’s law terminal velocity, Reynolds’s number, Streamline and turbulent flow, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications.
- Surface energy and surface tension, an angle of contact, application of surface tension, ideas to drop bubbles and capillary rise.

## Heat and Thermodynamics

- Heat, temperature, thermal expansion, specific heat capacity, Calorimetry, change of state, latent heat.
- Heat transfer-conduction, convection, and radiation, thermal conductivity, Newton’s law of cooling. Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (Zeroth law of thermodynamics). Heat, work and internal energy.
- First law of thermodynamics.The second law of thermodynamics, Reversible and irreversible processes. Heat engines and refrigerator.

## The behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory

- An equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas.
- Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions, a concept of pressure, Kinetic energy and temperature, rms speed of gas molecules, degrees of freedom, law of participation of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases, a concept of mean free path, Avogadro’s number.

## Oscillations and Waves.

- Periodic motion – period, frequency, displacement as a function of time, periodic functions, simple harmonic motion (SHM) and its equation, phase, oscillation of a spring – restoring force and force constant energy in SHM – Kinetic and potential energies, simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period) free, forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance.
- Wave motion, Longitudinal, and transverse waves, a speed of wave motion, Displacement relation for progressive waves, a principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect.

## Electrostatics

- Electric Charge; Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.
- Electric field; electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole; torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.
- Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to an infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside).
- Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of an electric dipole in an electrostatic field.
- Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitance, the combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, a capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor. Van de Graaff generator.

## Current Electricity

- Electric current, the flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity, mobility and their relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (linear and non-linear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity.
- Carbon resistors, the colour code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance.The internal resistance of a cell, potential difference, and emf of a cell, a combination of cells in series and in parallel.
- Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications. Wheatstone bridge, meter bridge. Potentiometer – principle and its applications to measure potential difference and for comparing emf of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell.

## Magnetic effects of current & Magnetism

- The concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment. Biot – Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop. Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and toroidal solenoids.
- Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron. Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. The force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of an ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a uniform magnetic field, moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
- Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. The magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis.
- Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements. Para-, dia- and Ferromagnetic substances, with examples.Electromagnets and factors affecting their strengths. Permanent magnets.

## Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating currents

- Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced emf and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance. Need for displacement current.
- Alternating currents, peak and the RMS value of alternating current/ voltage; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, wattless current.AC generator and transformer.

## Electromagnetic Waves

- Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (qualitative ideas only). Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.
- Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses.

## Optics

- Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula, Refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications, optical fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens-maker’s formula. Magnification, the power of a lens, a combination of thin lenses in contact, Refraction, and dispersion of light through a prism.Scattering of the light-blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset.
- Optical instruments; Human eye, image formation and accommodation, correction of eye defects (myopia, hypermetropia, presbyopia, and astigmatism) using lenses. Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.
- Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens’ principle, reflection, and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wave fronts. Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens’ principle. Interference, Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light.
- Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes. Polarisation, plane polarized light; Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids.

## Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

- Photoelectric effect, Hertz, and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation-particle nature of light.
- Matter waves-wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation. Davisson-Germer experiment.

## Atoms and Nuclei

- Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum.
- Composition and size of the nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones, Radioactivity-alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law.
- Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number; nuclear fission and fusion.

## Electronic Devices

- Semiconductors; semiconductor diode – I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode;
- Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). A transistor as a switch.

## Communication Systems

- Elements of a communication system (block diagram only); bandwidth of signals (speech, TV and digital data); bandwidth of transmission medium.
- Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere, sky, and space wave propagation. Need for modulation. Production and detection of an amplitude-modulated wave.

# Physics Books Recommended for BCECE 2019

Well to prepare for anything first you have to cover up your base. Without having a sound concept of the subject matter, you can only mug of the subject materials. So my personal suggestion is to go with the **NCERT class 11th and 12th Physics textbooks.** For sure it will help you to understand the basic concept of physics and will further guide you to enhance your concept using other reference books. Once you complete your NCERT textbook you can choose the following reference books to give your numerical ability a flying touch.

**(1) H.C. Verma Physics:** Written by H.C. Verma a Prof. from IIT-Kanpur, the book has successfully explained the concepts of physics with a set of very reasonable and analytical numerical problems which will surely help you to score extra marks not only in BCECE but in other competition too.

**(2) Resnick, Halliday, and Walker: **whether you believe it or not but the questions asked in the Resnick, Halliday and Walker basics of Physics textbook will clear all your problems related to numerical and analytical reasoning which will further help you to understand the topics pretty well

**Some other Books Related to Physics:**

- Physics By I.E Irodov
- Concepts of Physics By G.C. Agarwal

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