Hi, friends, today we are going to discuss you the latest CBSE Class XI Agriculture Syllabus. As you know very well that Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has its own curriculum and they hold the supreme authority to change it further for the benefit of students. So it’s always a wise decision to keep an eye on what happening around with the subject you are going to learn. This year CBSE made little bit changes in CBSE Class 11 Agriculture Syllabus. Let us have a look at the updated NCERT CBSE Class 11 Agriculture Syllabus for the academic year 2018-19.
- 1 NCERT CBSE Class 11 Agriculture Syllabus for the academic year 2018-19.
- 1.1 SECTION – WISE WEIGHTAGE IN CBSE CLASS XI Agriculture (Theory)
- 1.2 SECTION – WISE WEIGHTAGE IN CBSE CLASS XI Agriculture (Practical)
NCERT CBSE Class 11 Agriculture Syllabus for the academic year 2018-19.
Let us first have a brief idea about the Course Structure of the CBSE Class XI Agriculture for the academic year 2018-19.
SECTION – WISE WEIGHTAGE IN CBSE CLASS XI Agriculture (Theory)
- 70 Marks
- Time: 3 Hours
|Section||Units||No. of periods||Marks|
|I.||Agriculture and Crop Production|
|Part B||Genetics and Plant Breeding
SECTION – I
PART A – AGRICULTURE AND CROP PRODUCTION:(Total Periods -85)
The unit I: Scope and Importance: (05 Periods)
- Definition of Agriculture, its branches
- Scope in the national economy and employment
Unit II: Physical Environment: ( 40 Periods)
- Climate and Weather, elements of Weather: Rainfall, Temperature, Humidity, Wind, Sunshine, Climate Change and Global warming. Introduction to various meteorological equipment.
- Soil, Soil texture and structure and its types, distribution, and area.
- Soil erosion and Soil conservation. Reclamation of problematic soils acidic and alkali.
- Tillage definition and types. The concept of conservation and tillage.
Unit III: Agriculture Economics and Crop Production (40 Periods)
- Agricultural Economics, Cooperative system in Agriculture, Crop insurance. Kisan Credit Cards. Marketing of Agricultural products (supply chain, retailing, wholesale), heats.
- Package of practices in field crops like important varieties, seed rate, sowing time, intercultural operations, yield and marketing for Rice, Wheat, Maize, Mustard, Sunflower, Soybean, Groundnut, Black gram, Red gram, Pea, Jute, Sugarcane, Sorghum, Pearl millet and Finger millet.
- Package of practices of fruits: Mango, Banana, Guava, Lime, Grape, Apple, Pomegranate. Vegetables: Potato, Tomato, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Spinach, Brinjal, Bottle gourd, Pumpkin, Cucumber. Flower- Rose, Gladiolus, Marigold.
- Types of seed-foundation and certified and methods of plant propagation – Layering and Cutting, and Tissue culture.
- Important farm implements and their general maintenance.
PART B – GENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING (30 Periods)
Unit IV: Genetics and Plant Breeding
- Cell and its structure, cell division-Mitosis, and Meiosis and their significance in plant growth and development.
- Introduction to -DNA, RNA, and their differences.
- Role of Genetics in Plant breeding, self, and cross-pollinated crops, methods of breeding in field crops-introduction, Selection, Hybridization, Mutation.
- Mendel’s laws of Inheritance. An illustrative depiction of Mendel’s experiments, their importance in plant breeding.
SECTION – II: Livestock Production (Total Periods: 55)
Unit V: Scope and Importance*( 10 Periods)
- Importance of livestock in Agriculture, National Economy, and Nutritional security
- The Important animal-based food products and their role in our diet.
- Important indigenous and exotic breeds of cattle, buffalo and poultry, and quantitative and qualitative production details of produces (milk, meat, and eggs)
- The concept of Anand pattern of a cooperative system of milk procurement and pricing of milk. Marketing of milk in India.
Unit VI: Care and Management ( 40 Periods)
- Animal body structure and functions.
- The concept of grazing and stall feeding including poultry feeding.
- Principles of feeding, feeding practices; Important fodder crops; Silage and Hay preparation; Balanced ratio-definition and ingredients.
- The housing of dairy animals and poultry animals.
- Management of calves, bullocks, pregnant and milch animals as well as chicks and layers.
- Production of milk and eggs.
- Systems of milking by hand and by machine. Important considerations in both these methods.
- The concept of clean milk production processing, pasteurization and packaging and milk. Value-added products from milk.
- Principles of disease management and vaccination.
- Signs of sick animals, symptoms of common diseases in cattle and poultry-Rinderpest, Black quarter, Foot and Mouth, Mastitis, Haemorrhagic Septicaemia, Salmonellosis, bird flu, Fowl Pox and Ranikhet disease, their prevention, and control.
Unit VII: Bio-Waste Management and Government Schemes ( 05 Periods)
- Utilization of animals in Bio-wastes and Biogas plant
- Important government schemes for development of livestock dairy and purity in India. Their important features and eligibility criteria.
SECTION – WISE WEIGHTAGE IN CBSE CLASS XI Agriculture (Practical)
- 30 marks
- Time: 3 hours
|Section||Units||No. of periods||Marks|
|I||Part A-Agriculture and Crop Production||30||12|
|Part B- Genetics, Plant Breeding, and Microbiology||—||—|
|Reports of the visit||05|
SECTION – I
Part A – Agriculture and Crop Production
1. Agriculture and Crop Production – Practical
- Visit a crop field. Identify different crops growing in the field and make a report.
- Identification of farm implements used for different operations, draw a design of at least 5 implements and make a report.
- Identification of seeds of different crops.
- Seed germination test. (two bowls of cereal, two pulses, two vegetables, two flowers)
- Calculation of cost of production of the wheat crop in one hectare of the land area & prepare a report.
- Visit an orchard and identify different fruit crops and make a report.
- Identification of important vegetable crops, prepare a report.
- Identification of important flower crops.
- Orchard layout, digging of pits and planting of a sampling of any one fruit crop.
- Land preparation and sowing of wheat crop seed in the bed.
SECTION – II
2. Livestock – Practical
- Identification of body parts of dairy animals and Poultry.
- Identification of common breeds of cows, buffaloes and poultry birds.
- Handling and restraining of animals.
- Testing of milk fat and SNF.
- Visit a local veterinary hospital and observe the condition of a sick animal and prepare a report.
- Compute ration for an animal and poultry and prepare a report.
- Visit milk processing plant and on outlet a milk & milk products centre. Record the processing & sale of variety in milk-based products.
- Identification of feeds, fodder crops, and grasses.
- Visit Biogas plant.
3. Report on the Visits
- The student has to prepare a report of their visit to different organizations and submit to the subject teacher for the evaluation. The report must contain the student’s original work and observations.
- Prepare Herbarium of different crops and weed species. The leaves of the crops and weeds are pressed dried and mounted on the Herbarium sheet.
4. Viva Voce
Students can be asked questions based on:
- Identification of objects
- Visit Report analysis.
- Experiences in their field visits, etc.
A range of 5 to 10 questions can be asked depending on the response of the student. Evaluation 5×1=5 Or should be based on a number of questions answered. The evaluator should stick to the time and ½ x10=5 the number of questions.