Download CBSE Class XI Geography Syllabus (2018-19) in PDF

Hi, friends, today we are going to discuss you the latest CBSE Class XI Geography Syllabus. As you know very well that Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has its own curriculum and they hold the supreme authority to change it further for the benefit of students. So it’s always a wise decision to keep an eye on what happening around with the subject you are going to learn. This year CBSE made little bit changes in CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus. Let us have a look at the updated NCERT CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus for the academic year 2018-19.

NCERT CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus for the academic year 2018-19.

Let us first have a brief idea about the Course Structure of the CBSE Class XI Geography for the academic year 2018-19

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  • 70+30=100 Marks
  • Time: 3 hours
Part A Fundamentals of Physical Geography 35 Marks
Unit-1: Geography as a discipline


Unit-2: The Earth
Unit-3: Landforms
Unit-4: Climate
Unit-5: Water (Oceans)
Unit-6: Life on the Earth
Map and diagram 5
Part B India-Physical Environment 35 Marks
  Unit-7: Introduction  30
  Unit-8: Physiography
  Unit-9: Climate, vegetation, and soil
  Unit-10: Natural Hazards and Disasters
  Map and Diagram 5
Part C Practical Work 30 Marks
  Unit-1: Fundamentals of Maps 10 Marks
  Unit-2: Topographic and Weather Maps 15 Marks
  Practical Record Book and Viva 5 Marks

Part A: Fundamentals of Physical Geography (87 Periods)

Unit-1: Geography as a Discipline (04 Periods)

  • Geography as an integrating discipline, as a science of spatial attributes.
  •  Branches of Geography; Physical Geography and Human Geography.
  •  Scope and Career Options

Unit-2: The Earth ( 11 Periods)

  •  Origin and evolution of the earth; Interior of the earth.
  •  Wegener’s continental drift theory and plate tectonics.
  •  Earthquakes and volcanoes: causes, types, and effects.

Unit-3: Landforms (20 Periods)

  •  Rocks: major types of rocks and their characteristics.
  •  Geomorphic processes: weathering, mass wasting, erosion, and deposition; soil-formation.
  •  Landforms and their evolution.

Unit 4: Climate (30 Periods)

  •  Atmosphere- composition, and structure; elements of weather and climate.
  •  Insolation-angle of incidence and distribution; heat budget of the earth-heating and cooling of the atmosphere (conduction, convection, terrestrial radiation and advection); temperature- factors controlling temperature; distribution of temperature-horizontal and vertical; inversion of temperature.
  •  Pressure-pressure belts; winds-planetary, seasonal and local; air masses and fronts; tropical and extratropical cyclones.
  •  Precipitation-evaporation; condensation-dew, frost, fog, mist and cloud; rainfall-types and world distribution.
  •  World climates-classification Koeppen, Differences in parameter between Koeppen & Thornthwaite, Global warming and climatic changes.
  •  Climate and Global Concerns.

Unit 5: Water (Oceans) 

  •  Basics of Oceanography
  •  Oceans – distribution of temperature and salinity.
  •  Movements of ocean water-waves, tides and currents; submarine reliefs.
  •  Ocean resources and pollution.

Unit 6: Life on the Earth (07 Periods)

  •  Biosphere – the importance of plants and other organisms; biodiversity and conservation; ecosystem and ecological balance. Map work on identification of features based on 1 to 6 units on the outline/Physical/Political map of the world.  (05 Periods)

Part – B: India – Physical Environment (78 Periods)

Unit-7: Introduction (04 Periods)

  •  Location, space relations, India’s place in the world.

Unit-8: Physiography (28 Periods)

  • Structure and Relief; Physiographic Divisions.
  •  Drainage systems: Concept of river basins, Watershed; the Himalayan and the Peninsular rivers.

Unit-9: Climate, Vegetation, and Soil (28 Periods)

  •  Weather and climate – spatial and temporal distribution of temperature, pressure winds and
    rainfall, Indian monsoon: mechanism, onset, and withdrawal, the variability of rainfalls: spatial and
    temporal; use of weather charts; Climatic types (Koeppen).
  • Natural vegetation-forest types and distribution; wildlife; conservation; biosphere reserves.
  •  Soils – major types (ICAR’s classification) and their distribution, soil degradation and

Unit-10: Hazards and Disasters: Causes, Consequences, and Management (14 Periods)

  •  Floods, Cloudbursts
  • Droughts: types and impact
  •  Earthquakes and Tsunami
  •  Cyclones: features and impact
  •  Landslides

Map Work of features based on above units for locating and labelling on the Outline/Political/Physical map of India. (04 Periods)

Part – C: Practical Work (50 Periods)

Unit-1: Fundamentals of Maps (20 Periods)

  •  Geospatial data, Concept of Geographical data matrix; Point, line, area data.
  •  Maps -types; scales-types; construction of simple linear scale, measuring distance; finding
    direction and use of symbols.
  •  Map projection- Latitude, longitude and time, typology, construction and properties of
    projection: Conical with one standard parallel and Mercator’s projection. (only two projections)

Unit 2: Topographic and Weather Maps (30 Periods)

  •  Study of topographic maps (1: 50,000 or 1: 25,000 Survey of India maps); contour cross-section and identification of landforms-slopes, hills, valleys, waterfall, cliffs; distribution of settlements.
  • Aerial Photographs: Types and Geometry-vertical aerial photographs; the difference between maps and aerial photographs; photo scale determination. Identification of physical and cultural features.
  •  Satellite imageries, stages in remote sensing data-acquisition, platform, and sensors and data products, (photographic and digital).
  •  Use of weather instruments: thermometer, wet and dry-bulb thermometer, barometer, wind vane, rain gauge.

Practical Record Book and Viva Voce

Viva to be based on Practical Unit I and II only.

I. Weightage to content: Class 11 Geography

Part-I Fundamentals of Physical Geography 35
Unit-1: Geography as a discipline 30
Unit-2: The Earth
Unit -3: Landforms
Unit – 4: Climate
Unit – 5: Water (Oceans)
Unit – 6: Life on the Earth 05
Map Work & Diagram 35
Part-II India- Physical Environment 30
Unit – 7: Introduction
Unit – 8: Physiography
Unit – 9: Climate, vegetation, and soil
Unit – 10: Natural Hazards and Disasters
Map Work & Diagram 5
Total 70
Value-Based Question from any unit 1-6 (Part- I), 7-10 (Part-II) – 3 Marks
Note: – One Value Based Question can be taken from any unit 1-6 (Part -I), 7-10 (Part-II).
Accordingly, the weight of the lessons can be reduced as per the discretion of the teacher.
Part -III Practical Work 30
Unit – 1: Fundamentals of Maps 10
Unit – 2: Topographic and Weather Maps 15
Practical Record Book and Viva 05

2. Weightage to Difficulty Level

Estimated Difficulty Level Percentage
(i) Easy (E) 20%
(ii) Average (AV) 60%
(iii) Difficult (D) 20%

CBSE Class XI GEOGRAPHY Syllabus: Question Paper Design (2018-19)

  • Time: 3 hrs.
  • Marks: 70
Typology of Questions Learning
& Testing
(1 Mark)
(3 Marks)
Answer I
Map Skills
(5 Marks)
Marks %
1 Remembering- (Knowledge
based Simple recall questions,
to know specific facts, terms,
concepts, principles, or
theories; Identify, define, or
recite, information), Map skill
based questions
(Identification, location)
  •  Reasoning
  • Analytical
  • Critical
3 1 1 1(identify


16 23%
2 Understanding-
(Comprehension –to be familiar
with meaning and to understand conceptually,
interpret, compare, contrast, explain, paraphrase
1 1 2 14 20%
3 Application (Use abstract
information in concrete the, to apply knowledge
to new situations; Use given content to interpret a
the, provide an example, or solve a problem)
1 2 13 19%
4 High Order Thinking Skills
(Analysis & Synthesis- Classify,
compare, contrast, or
differentiate between different
pieces of information; Organize
and/or integrate unique pieces
of information from a variety
of sources) (includes Map
2 1 2 1(Map


20 28%
5 Evaluation- (Appraise, judge,
and/or justify the value or
the worth of a decision or
an, or to predict
outcomes based on values)
1 1+1(values


7 10%
Total 7×1 =7 6×3=18 7×5=35 2×5=10 70 (22)
Time Estimated 15 min. 60 min. 70 min. 20 min. 165+15 = 180min
Review Date
Reviewed Item
Download CBSE Class XI Geography Syllabus (2018-19) in PDF
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