Updated CDS Exam Syllabus 2019 (Written Exam & Interview)

    CDS Exam Syllabus

    Hello Aspirants, Hope you all have started preparing for the UPSC CDS Recruitment 2019. If you haven’t then don’t worry, it’s never too late to start something. If you have applied for the job and searching for CDS Exam Syllabus 2019 for better preparation then you are in the right place. This post will let you know about the Updated UPSC Combined Defence Services Syllabus 2019.

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    UPSC CDS Exam

    In our previous article, we have shared CDS 2019 Cut-off score and Exam Pattern & Selection Procedure of CDS 2019. In this article, we will discuss the complete CDS Exam Syllabus from which question will be asked in the written exam.

    CDS Exam Syllabus 2019
    (written & Interview)

    Before we talk about the Syllabus for CDS Exam2019, let us first have a look at the pattern of the Exam.

    Exam Pattern

    The subject of common written exams will be math and General ability. The papers in all the subjects will consist of objective type questions only. The question papers of Mathematics and General Ability Test will be of bilingual in nature viz. Hindi and in English.

    For Admission to Indian Military Academy (IMA), Indian Naval Academy (INA) and Air Force Academy (AFA):—

    Subject Time Duration Marks
    English 2 Hours 100
    General Knowledge Test 2 Hours 100
    Elementary Mathematics 2 Hours 100
    Total 6 Hours  300

    For Admission to Officers’ Training Academy (OTA):—

    Subject Time Duration Marks
    English 2 Hours 100
    General Knowledge Test 2 Hours 100
    Total 4 Hours  200

    Syllabus of CDS 2019 Common Written Examination

    The written exam will consist of questions from English, GK and Elementary Mathematics. Have a look at the syllabus for CDS exam.

    ENGLISH (Code No. 01)

    The English question paper asked in CDS (I & II) 2019 common written Exam will be designed to test the candidates’ understanding of English and workmanlike use of words, Word correction, Error Finding and basic information about the use of articles and prepositions.

    Topics Include

    • English Grammar Vocabulary
    • Spellings
    • Synonyms and Antonyms Comprehension
    • Correct and incorrect usages etc.
    • Word Substitution
    • Sentence Improvement
    • Re-arranging a sentence
    • Selecting words
    • Passage
    • Comprehension


    The General Knowledge will include current events such as matters of everyday observation and experience in their scientific aspects as may be expected of an educated person who has not made a special study of any scientific subject. The paper will also include questions on History of India and Geography of nature which candidate should be able to answer without special study.

    Topics Include

    • History of India and Indian National Movement.
    • Indian and World Geography.
    • Indian Polity and Governance.
    • Economic and Social development
    • Current events of national and international importance.
    • General issues on environmental ecology, Biodiversity, and Climate change.


    Elementary mathematics will cover the followings.

    Number System—Natural numbers, Integers, Rational and Real numbers, Fundamental operations, addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, Square roots, Decimal fractions. Unitary method, time and distance, time and work, percentages, applications to simple and compound interest, profit and loss, ratio and proportion, variation.

    Elementary Number Theory— Division algorithm, Prime and composite numbers, Tests of divisibility by 2, 3, 4, 5, 9 and 11, Multiples and factors, Factorization Theorem, H.C.F. and L.C.M, Euclidean algorithm, Logarithms to base 10, laws of logarithms, use of logarithmic tables.

    Algebra: Basic Operations, simple factors, Remainder Theorem, H.C.F., L.C.M., Theory of polynomials, solutions of quadratic equations, relation between its roots and coefficients (Only real roots to be considered), Simultaneous linear equations in two unknowns, analytical and graphical solutions, Simultaneous linear inequations in two variables and their solutions, Practical problems leading to two simultaneous linear equations or equations in two variables or quadratic equations in one variable & their solutions, Set language and set notation, Rational expressions and conditional identities, Laws of indices.

    Trigonometry:  Sine ×, cosine ×, Tangent × when 0° < × < 90° Values of sin ×,  cos × and tan ×, for × = 0°, 30°, 45°, 60° and 90° Simple trigonometric identities, Use of trigonometric tables, Simple cases of heights and distances.

    GEOMETRY:  Lines and angles, Plane and plane figures, Theorems on (i) Properties of angles at a point, (ii) Parallel lines, (iii) Sides and angles of a triangle, (iv) Congruency of triangles, (v) Similar triangles, (vi) Concurrence of medians and altitudes, (vii) Properties of angles, sides and diagonals of a parallelogram, rectangle and square,(viii) Circles and its properties including tangents and normal, (ix) Loci.

    MENSURATION:  Areas of squares, rectangles, parallelograms, triangle and circle. Areas of figures

    which can be split up into these figures (Field Book), Surface area and volume of cuboids, lateral surface and volume of right circular cones and cylinders, surface area and volume of spheres.

    STATISTICS:  Collection and tabulation of statistical data, Graphical representation frequency.

    Interview and Psychology Test

    Based on the marks obtained in the common written examination successful candidate will be asked to appear for the two-stage selection procedure based on Psychological Aptitude Test and Intelligence Test at Service selection boards (SSB) introduced at Selection Centers/Air Force Selection Boards. The SSB procedure consists of two-stage Selection process – stage I and stage II. Only, those candidates who clear the stage I are permitted to appear for stage II.

    • Stage I comprises of Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) tests and Picture Perception Description Test (PP&DT). The candidates will be shortlisted based on the combination of performance in OIR Test and PP&DT.
    • Stage II Comprises of Interview, Group Testing Officer Tasks, Psychology Tests and the Conference. These tests are conducted over 4 days. The details of these tests are given on the website joinindianarmy.nic.in. The personality of a candidate is assessed by three different assessors viz. The Interviewing Officer (IO), Group Testing Officer (GTO) and the Psychologist.

    Special Note:

    • Candidates who appear before the Services Selection Board and undergo the test there will do so at their own risk. They will not be entitled to claim any compensation or other relief from Government in respect of any injury which they may sustain in the course. Parents or guardians of the candidates will be required to sign a certificate to this effect.
    • There is no separate weight for each test. The marks are allotted by assessors only after taking into consideration the performance of the candidate holistically in the entire test. In addition, marks for Conference are also allotted based on the initial performance of the Candidate in the three techniques and decision of the Board.
    • The various tests of IO, GTO and Psycho are designed to bring out the presence/absence of Officer Like Qualities and the ability in a candidate. Accordingly, candidates are Recommended or Not Recommended at the SSB.

    Important Links

    Subject Description
    Combined Defence Services 2019 Notification Click Here
    CDS 1 & 2 2019 Exam Admit Card Click Here
    CDS 2019 Exam Pattern & Selection Procedure Click Here
    UPSC  CDS Officer Salary & Job Profile (Facilities and Allowances) Click Here
    UPSC CDS Previous Year Question Papers (2014 to 2019) Click Here
    Recommended Books for CDS 2019 Exam Click Here
    UPSC CDS Exam Eligibility (Age, Nationality, Qualification) Click Here
    CDS Exam Cut-off Score (Expected & Previous Year Cutoff Score) Click Here

    For any Query related to CDS Recruitment 2019, comment on the comment box mentioned below. Our expert will help you to make the Best preparation Strategy for CDS 2019 Exam

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