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Career in Electrical Engineering in India: Admission, Eligibility, Course, College, Scope, Jobs and Salary

Career in Electrical Engineering in India: Electrical engineering is one of the most prominent branches of engineering and one of the most sought-after choices students make. This engineering field benefits the students in mastering electronics and any equipment powered by electricity. 

Although electrical engineering is indeed hard, if you love tweaking machines or bringing them to life, then EE is your way to go. 

The first department of electrical engineering in India was started in 1911. It was under the chairmanship of Prof. Alfred Hay, and it was established at the Indian Institute of Science. 

Quick Facts

The following is a summary of the electrical engineering course:

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Edufever Common Form
Course NameB.Tech/BE/BSc
Course DurationUG: 4 Years
PG: 2 Years
EligibilityUG: 10+2
PG: B.Tech
Types of Electrical EngineerMicro Electrical Engineer, Power Engineer, Electrical Engineering, Instrumentation Engineer
Top Recruiting CompaniesGoogle, General Electric, Apple, Lockheed Martin Corporation, Reliance Power
1. What is Electrical Engineering
2. Various Electric Engineering Courses
3. Eligibility Criteria
4. Top Colleges For Electrical Engineering
5. Job Opportunities for Electrical Engineers
6. Pros and Cons of Electrical Engineering
7. Average Salary
8. Top Recruiting Companies
9. Frequently Asked Questions

What is Electrical Engineering?

Before we begin, let us understand what electrical engineering means and what electrical engineers learn.

EE is a branch of engineering that deals with the study of the application of electricity, electronics and electromagnetism. Experts professionals in this field design electric circuits and equipment. Their work area can range from gigantic power plants to small hardware companies. Furthermore, their job roles involve designing, manufacturing and operating power plants, industrial machinery, electrical motors, computer chips, ignition systems for automobiles, aircraft, space crafts and many more. 

This branch is spread across various specialities such as acoustics, speech, signal processing to electromagnetic compatibility, automobiles to vehicular technology, geoscience, remote sensing, laser and electro-optics, robotics, ultra-sonic, ferroelectrics and frequency control. 

Various Electrical Engineering Courses

The following are the electrical engineering courses:

Level About Degree Names
Graduation CourseThis course is designed
for students who have just
passed 12th with PCM stream.
Post Graduation CourseThis course is only available after
completing a graduate degree.
It is more practical than theoretical. It
is mostly application-based.
DiplomaThis is for people who already are from
electrical engineering background and
want to specialise in it.
Doctoral This is an extensive-research field. It is for
students to achieve a doctoral level of
knowledge on the subject.

Admission Procedure

The following is the admission procedure for the electrical engineering course

  • For Undergraduate, the student must have passed the class 12th with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as the core subject and must have scored a minimum of 60% aggregate marks. Candidates appear in entrance exams like JEE Mains, JEE Advance, BITSAT etc
  • For a Postgraduate, a B.Tech degree in the same discipline is required with a minimum of 60% marks in the qualifying degree. Minimum qualifying marks in GATE ME.

Eligibility Criteria

Here are the general eligibility criteria for UG and PG level courses in the electrical engineering programme.

Course LevelEligibility Criteria
For Undergraduate The student must have passed the class 12th exam from
a recognised board in India, for instance, CBSE.
Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as the core subject.
The student must have scored a minimum of 60% marks in 12th.
For Post Graduate A B.Tech degree in the same discipline is required with a minimum of
60% marks in the qualifying degree.
Minimum qualifying marks in GATE ME.

Entrance Exams For Electrical Engineering

The following are the entrance exams for electrical engineering:

Entrance ExamConducted By
JEE MainNational Test Agency
VITEEEVIT University
BITSATBirla Institute of Technology and Science
KIITEEKalinga Institute of Industrial Technology
MHT CETMaharashtra State Common Entrance Test Cell

Top Colleges For Electrical Engineering

The following are the top colleges for electrical engineering:

College NameLocation
Indian Institute of Technology, DelhiDelhi
Indian Institute of Technology, BHU, Varanasi Varanasi
Indian Institute of Technology, BombayBombay
SRM Institute of Science and TechnologyChennai
Birla Institute of Technology and Science, PilaniPilani
College of Engineering and Technology, BhubaneswarBhubaneswar

Fee Structure

Moving further into the topic, let us discuss the general fee structure for UG courses in electrical engineering in India:

College Sector Fees* in INR
Government Colleges Min- 6,000 INR
Avg- 1.3 lakhs INR
Max- 5.5 Lakhs INR
Private CollegesMin-60,000 INR
Avg- 3.5 lakhs INR
Max- 13.5 lakhs INR
Note: Fees are subject to change.

Let us discuss the general fee structure for the PG course in electrical engineering in India:

College Sector Fees* in INR
Government Colleges Min- 8,500 INR
Avg- 1 lakhs INR
Max- 1.6 Lakhs INR
Private CollegesMin-65,000 INR
Avg- 1.6 lakhs INR
Max- 4 lakhs INR
Note: Fees are subject to change

Syllabus for Electrical Engineering Course

The following is the syllabus for UG and PG for the electrical engineering course. Let’s take a look.

Syllabus for UG Course

Given below is the list of subjects taught in the UG Course. However, keep in mind that these subjects may vary according to college. 

Calculus and Differential EquationsAnalysis of the electrical power system
Environmental StudiesRotating AC Machines
Computer ProgrammingRotating AC Machines
Elements of Electrical and Electronics EngineeringHigh voltage engineering
Electrical WorkshopPower electronic converters
Design ThinkingThe utilisation of Electrical power
Law and EngineeringMicroprocessor and Microcontroller
Linear AlgebraFractional Course
ChemistryPower System Operation and Control
Engineering GraphicsElectrical Drives and Traction Systems
English Communication.Testing, Commissioning and Maintenance of Electrical Equipment
Introduction to electrical engineeringElectronic System Design (Elective-I)
Mechanical WorkshopPermanent Magnet Brushless and Reluctance Motors (Elective-I)
ICT Tools and Cyber SecurityRenewable Energy Sources (Elective-I)
Analog Electronics CircuitsAdvanced Microprocessors and Microcontrollers (Elective-I)
Network analysis and network synthesisSignals and Systems (Elective-II)
Electrical Engineering MaterialsDynamics and Modeling of Electrical Machines (Elective-II)
Electrical Transducers and MeasurementsExtra-High Voltage Transmission (Elective-II)
Mathematics for Electrical engineersCapstone Course
Thermal and Hydraulics Prime MoversElectrical Machine Design
ICT Tools and SecurityDigital Signal Processors for Electrical Engineering
Community ServicesPower System Protection and Switchgear
Fundamentals of Electrical Power SystemMinor Project
DC Machines and transformationsApplications of Power Electronics in Power Systems (Elective III)
Digital Electronic circuitsDesign of Permanent Magnet Brushless and Reluctance Motors (Elective III)
Fundamentals of Power ElectronicsComputer Techniques in Power Systems (Elective III)
Control System EngineeringElectromagnetic Interference and Electromagnetic Compatibility (Elective IV)
Engineering ElectromagneticsControl of Electric Drives (Elective IV)
Economics for EngineersAdvanced Electrical Power System (Elective IV)
Ethics and ValuesElectric Vehicle (Elective IV)
Organisational Behavior

Syllabus for PG Course

Given below is the list of subjects taught in the PG Course. However, keep in mind that these subjects may vary according to college. 

Electric Drive SystemCAD of Electrical Apparatus
Digital Signal ProcessingControl of Electric Drives
Power Electronic Devices and CircuitsAnalysis of Power Electronic Controllers
Numerical Method And Optimisation TechniquesMinor Project
Advanced Electrical MachinesHigh Voltage DC Transmission (HVDC) (Elective-II)
Electrical Machines (Elective – I)Power Quality (Elective-II)
Modern Control Theory (Elective – I)Mechatronics Systems (Elective – II)
Cyber SecurityMulti-Level Inverters for High-Power Induction Motor Drives (Elective–II)
Modelling and Analysis of Electrical MachinesCommunication Skills for Engineers
Research Methodology

Job Opportunities for Electrical Engineers

Firstly, an electrical engineer has vast career opportunities in various sectors, such as electronics, corporations, IT consultant managers, aviation technology, communication technology, radio engineers, electromagnets, Engin, etc. 

Above all, electrical engineers learn everything from the beginning, from small circuits to an addition to the field of engineering is a cry because of the service they provide. Some examples are equipment building services, repairing services, power supplying services, and various others. Above all, companies related to atomic technologies, thermal capabilities, technological consultancies and more hire people from an electrical engineering background. 

Job Profile

A few of the job roles of electrical engineers are mentioned below. However, there are a lot of other functions also that are given to an electrical engineer. 

Job ProfileDescription
Micro Electrical EngineerThey deal with designing and microfabricating tiny electronic circuit components. 
Power EngineerTheir responsibility consists of designing the electrical design, for instance, transformers, power electronics, generators, motors and more.
Electrical EngineeringThey work in the function of the variety of functional go involved in the production, development, and implementation of electrical display not. 
Instrumentation EngineerTheir primary job is to design measuring devices for pressure, temperature and flow. 

Specialisation in Electric Engineering

  • Integrated circuits 
  • Micro electro mechanicals website 
  • Scientific computing 
  • Signal Processing 
  • Physical Electronics 
  • Energy 
  • Control, Intelligent System and Robotics 
  • Electromagnet energy. 

Pros and Cons of Electrical Engineering

The followings are the advantages and disadvantages of electrical engineering:

Electrical engineers are awarded some of the highest salary packages as the job is extremely skill-based.It is a risky profession. Due to the characteristics of the job, electrical engineers at times may suffer a personal injury.
Electrical engineers can prefer to work in various of industry, including telecommunications, computers, aerospace, etc.To begin with, the jobs of electrical engineers can be highly stressful, particularly when the equipment or the design has the potential to affect human life.
There is a lot of job adaptability, as one can simply shift to sub-disciplines.Because of the progression of technology, electrical engineers have to update their knowledge continually. They also have to renew their license in specific areas from time to time.

Average Salary

The followings are the average salary of electrical engineering:

Job ProfileAverage Salary
Electrical Engineer INR 3.85 LPA
Mechanical Engineer INR 3 LPA
Lecturer INR 2 LPA
Maintenance Engineer INR 3 LPA
Professor INR 9 LPA
Sr. Electrical Manager INR 6 LPA

Employment Opportunities 

  • Engineering Services
  • Electric power-generating installations
  • Indian Railways
  • Aerospace Manufacturer Industry
  • Automobile Industry
  • Airports Authority of India
  • Electricity transmission and distribution organisations
  • Government Electrical Works Department
  • Navigational equipment manufacturing industries
  • Architecture and Construction Firms

Top Recruiting Companies

Some examples of the best companies that hire electrical engineers are mentioned below, so do check them. 

Siemens Technology ServicesInternational Business Machines Corporation (IBM)
BMW GroupGoogle
General ElectricApple
Lockheed Martin CorporationReliance Power
Shell Oil CompanyThe Boeing Company

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

It has been 4 years since I qualified GATE Exam. Am I applicable to apply for a master’s now based on the same?

No, because the validity of the GATE score is only 3 years from the time of the announcement of the exam results. 

Will I learn something about Robotics if I pursue Electrical Engineering?

This discipline guides you through the techniques which can put life into any machine. Robotics is also a part of it. You learn about constructing various power sources for large and small machines, and robotics is among them.

Can a diploma-passed candidate apply for Electrical Engineering admission?

If candidates have finished a diploma in EE or EEE, they are eligible.

What are the criteria to apply for admission for an ITI-passed candidate?

An ITI-passed candidate can be available for admission if they have passed ITI with Electrical or Electrical & Electronics trade.

Can a high school-passed candidate apply for EE admission?

The high school-qualified candidates only apply for admission to ITI and Diploma. They will be suitable for Electrical Engineering admission only after completing Class 12/Diploma/ITI.

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