The body of all living organisms is made up genomes and based on these genetic structures, the character or behaviour of an organism may change. There are some plants which have an ability to resist insects, while some other plants can sustain in all conditions of the environment. Organisms receive these kinds of traits as a part of some DNAs in their body and hence if we add a DNA with a special trait or character into an organism which lacks that particular trait can result in a better version of the organism. The following article will give you a brief idea about the Careers in Genetic Engineering in India. Read depth info on different Genetic Engineering jobs available after doing Genetic Engineering courses.
It is an application of Biotechnology where an organism’s genome is studied and modified. Genetic Engineering is otherwise known as Genetic Modification since it deals with genome manipulations. Genetic Engineering has currently more scope in areas related plants rather than humans. Enjoy Reading..!!
What is Genetic Engineering?
The field of Genetic Engineering is an important discipline of science which deals with the manipulation of an organism’s genome structures. The utmost thing that requires doing Genetic Engineering is a recombinant DNA which is a combination of DNAs from different organisms.
Each gene structures represent a particular quality and hence the process of manually removing these genes and inserting them into an organism to have the quality represented by the gene added to the organism. The organism which is undergoing modifications is known as a host organism and the host organism may vary from single bacteria to plants or animals or even a human cell.
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What is like to be a Genetic Engineer?
The work of a Genetic Engineer can be broadly categorized into the following fields of Interest.
- Study the concepts of Engineering, Biology and Biomechanical principles
- Develop knowledge level by participating in conferences, group discussions, webinars etc.
- Study thoroughly about the living organism which is kept under the observation for experiments
- Examine the environmental conditions such as temperature, humidity, wind etc and check whether it favourable for the experiments or not.
- Share the experimental results with coworkers and present ideas
Various Genetic Engineering Courses in India.
To work as a Genetic Engineer or to make careers in Genetic Engineering, one can earn a degree in following Genetic Engineer courses.
|Genetic Engineering Courses||Eligibility||Duration|
|Bachelor of Technology or Engineering (B.Tech. / B.E)||Higher Secondary (10+2) with Science stream.||4 years|
|Master of Technology (M.Tech.)||Graduate||2 years|
|Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.)||Higher Secondary (10+2) with Science stream||3 years|
|Master of Science (M.Sc.)||Bachelor’s degree||2 years|
|Certificate Courses in Genetic Engineering||Higher Secondary (10+2) with Science stream||a few months to one year|
|Master of Philosophy (M.Phil.) in Genetic Engineering||Post-Graduation||1 year|
|Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) / in Genetic Engineering||Post-Graduation||3 years|
|Post Graduate Diploma in Genetic Engineering||Graduate||3 years|
Career Prospects & Genetic Engineering Jobs.
Genetic Engineering is a research-oriented field and hence the job vacancies for a genetic research engineer are very high. Genetic Engineers with sufficient education and experience can easily grab a teaching position at universities and colleges. There is a section called Research and Development for Genetic Engineers in Biotech industries and pharma industries.
Read Also: Career in Biotechnology in India
A genetic engineer can work as a lab assistant, research associate, junior researcher, research engineer, lab managers or lead a team of researchers or can even start their own researchers at home or labs.
Salary packages of genetic engineering are based on qualification, experience, working field, etc. You can get a handsome salary package after gaining sufficient experience in this field.
|Course Name||Avg. Salary (Rs.)|
|Genetic Engineering||20,000 to 35,000 per month|
Note: They can earn more in the private sector as compared to the public sector.
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Top Institute in India Offering Genetics Engineering
Many Genetic Engineering colleges in India offer different Genetic Engineering courses. Few of them are as followed:
- Jiwaji University, Gwalior
- Indian Institute of Technology, Haus Khas (Delhi)
- Haryana Agricultural University, Hissar
- Centre for Biotechnology, Pondicherry
- Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
- Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
- Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar
- Aryabhatta Knowledge University, Bihar
Frequency Asked Question(FAQs)
Answer: Genetic engineering has been applied in numerous fields including research, medicine, industrial biotechnology and agriculture. In research, GMOs are used to study gene function and expression through loss of function, gain of function, tracking and expression experiments.
Answer: Genetic engineering could also create unknown side effects or outcomes. Specific changes in a plant or animal could cause unpredicted allergic reactions in some people which, in its original form, did not occur. Other changes could result in the toxicity of an organism to humans or other plants.
Answer: Some benefits of genetic engineering in agriculture are increased crop yields, reduced costs for food or drug production, reduced need for pesticides, enhanced nutrient composition and food quality, resistance to pests and disease, greater food security, and medical benefits to the world’s growing population.
Answer: Genetic engineering, also called recombinant DNA technology, involves the group of techniques used to cut up and join together genetic material, especially DNA from different biological species, and to introduce the resulting hybrid DNA into an organism to form new combinations of heritable genetic material.
Answer: Genetic tools are already helping doctors make more accurate diagnoses, as well as predict which medications will work best for their patients. Pharmacogenomics is the study of how genetic variations influence our responses to drugs.