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Career in Genetic Engineering: Jobs, Course, Salary, Admission & Much More!

The body of all living organisms is made up of genomes and based on these genetic structures, the character or behaviour of an organism may change. There are some plants that have the ability to resist insects, while some other plants can sustain in all conditions of the environment. Organisms receive these kinds of traits as a part of some DNAs in their body and hence if we add a DNA with a special trait or character into an organism that lacks that particular trait can result in a better version of the organism. The following article will give you a brief idea about the Careers in Genetic Engineering in India. Read depth info on different Genetic Engineering jobs available after doing Genetic Engineering courses.

It is an application of Biotechnology where an organism’s genome is studied and modified. Genetic Engineering is otherwise known as Genetic Modification since it deals with genome manipulations. Genetic Engineering has currently more scope in areas related to plants rather than humans. Enjoy Reading..!!

1. What is Genetic Engineering?
2. What is it like to be a Genetic Engineer?
3. Various Genetic Engineering Courses in India.
4. Career Prospects & Genetic Engineering Jobs.
5. Salary
6. Top Institute in India Offering Genetics Engineering
7. Frequency Asked Question(FAQs)

What is Genetic Engineering?

The field of Genetic Engineering is an important discipline of science that deals with the manipulation of an organism’s genome structures. The utmost thing that requires doing Genetic Engineering is recombinant DNA which is a combination of DNAs from different organisms.

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Each gene structures represent a particular quality and hence the process of manually removing these genes and inserting them into an organism to have the quality represented by the gene added to the organism. The organism which is undergoing modifications is known as a host organism and the host organism may vary from single bacteria to plants or animals or even a human cell.

What is it like to be a Genetic Engineer?

The work of a Genetic Engineer can be broadly categorized into the following fields of Interest.

  • Study the concepts of Engineering, Biology and Biomechanical principles
  • Develop knowledge level by participating in conferences, group discussions, webinars etc.
  • Study thoroughly about the living organism which is kept under the observation for experiments
  • Examine the environmental conditions such as temperature, humidity, wind etc and check whether it favourable for the experiments or not.
  • Share the experimental results with coworkers and present ideas

Various Genetic Engineering Courses in India

To work as a Genetic Engineer or to make a career in Genetic Engineering, one can earn a degree by following Genetic Engineer courses.

Genetic Engineering CoursesEligibilityDuration
Bachelor of Technology or Engineering (B.Tech. / B.E)Higher Secondary (10+2) with Science stream.4 years
Master of Technology (M.Tech.)Graduate2 years
Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.)Higher Secondary (10+2) with Science stream3 years
Master of Science (M.Sc.)Bachelor’s degree2 years
Certificate Courses in Genetic EngineeringHigher Secondary (10+2) with Science streama few months to one year
Master of Philosophy (M.Phil.) in Genetic EngineeringPost-Graduation1 year
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) / in Genetic EngineeringPost-Graduation3 years
Post Graduate Diploma in Genetic EngineeringGraduate3 years

Career Prospects & Genetic Engineering Jobs.

Genetic Engineering is a research-oriented field and hence the job vacancies for genetic research engineers are very high. Genetic Engineers with sufficient education and experience can easily grab a teaching position at universities and colleges. There is a section called Research and Development for Genetic Engineers in Biotech industries and pharma industries.

Read Also: Career in Biotechnology in India

A genetic engineer can work as a lab assistant, research associate, junior researcher, research engineer, lab manager or lead a team of researchers or can even start their own research at home or in labs.


Salary packages for genetic engineering are based on qualification, experience, working field, etc. You can get a handsome salary package after gaining sufficient experience in this field.

Course NameAvg. Salary (Rs.)
Genetic Engineering 20,000 to 35,000 per month

Note: They can earn more in the private sector than in the public sector.

Top Institute in India Offering Genetics Engineering

Many Genetic Engineering colleges in India offer different Genetic Engineering courses. Few of them are as followed:

  • Jiwaji University, Gwalior
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Haus Khas (Delhi)
  • Haryana Agricultural University, Hissar
  • Centre for Biotechnology, Pondicherry
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
  • Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
  • Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar
  • Aryabhatta Knowledge University, Bihar

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Frequency Asked Question(FAQs)

Question 1: What is the use of studying genetic engineering?

Answer: Genetic engineering has been applied in numerous fields, including research, medicine, industrial biotechnology and agriculture. In research, GMOs are used to study gene function and expression through loss of function, the gain of function, tracking and expression experiments.

Question 2: What is the disadvantage of genetic engineering?

Answer: Genetic engineering could also create unknown side effects or outcomes. Specific changes in a plant or animal could cause unpredicted allergic reactions in some people, which, in their original form, did not occur. Other changes could result in the toxicity of an organism to humans or other plants.

Question 3: What are the benefits of genetic engineering?

Answer: Some benefits of genetic engineering in agriculture are increased crop yields, reduced costs for food or drug production, reduced need for pesticides, enhanced nutrient composition and food quality, resistance to pests and disease, greater food security, and medical benefits to the world’s growing population.

Question 4: How does genetic engineering work?

Answer: Genetic engineering, also called recombinant DNA technology, involves the group of techniques used to cut up and join together genetic material, especially DNA from different biological species, and introduce the resulting hybrid DNA into an organism to form new combinations of heritable genetic material.

Question 5: What are the genetic tools?

Answer: Genetic tools are already helping doctors make more accurate diagnoses and predict which medications will work best for their patients. Pharmacogenomics is the study of how genetic variations influence our responses to drugs.

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