How NIRF Rank a College? NIRF Ranking Parameters 2021-22

What first crop your mind before choosing a particular product over the variety of other available options. No doubt, it is the Brand Value that made us decide on a particular thing. Better the Brand value, more chances to get selected in the crowd. The Same Concept goes with our Career also.

To outline the Brand value of a specific College in India, the Concept of NIRF Ranking Parameters was introduced by the Ministry of Human Resource & Development (MHRD) on 29th September 2015. The main idea behind the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) is to outlines a methodology to rank institutions across the country.

Have you ever think How NIRF Ranks a particular college? or What parameters do they use to decide which one is best? NIRF Ranking methodology of ranking various institutions across the country is made by a Core Committee that Consists of High order Thinkers, Professor and Other Reputed Think Tanks of India.

The major aim of NIRF Lies in identifying the broad parameters for ranking various universities and institutions. The parameters broadly cover mainly five things “Teaching, Learning and Resources,” “Research and Professional Practices,” “Graduation Outcomes,” “Outreach and Inclusivity,” and “Perception”.

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NIRF Ranking Parameters

1. Teaching, Learning & Resources
2. Research and Professional Practice.
3. Graduation Outcomes
4. Outreach and Inclusivity.
5. Perception

Teaching, Learning & Resources

Why IITs or IIMs is Considered as the best ones? They are indeed designed and Funded by the Government to achieve a specific goal of transforming India into a land of Highly talented technocrats but the major difference lies in Teaching Methodology and available Resources. Faculty-student strength, the Faculty-Student ratio, and the Contribution of these Highly qualified faculties to the national growth are the few factors that come first in deciding the best ones. A few of the other parameters that NIRF takes into Consideration while ranking a college are as followed.

  • Student Strength including Doctoral Students
  • Faculty-student ratio with emphasis on permanent faculty (FSR)
  • Combined metric for Faculty with PhD (or equivalent) and Experience (FQE)
  • Total Budget and Its Utilisation: (CBTU)

Research and Professional Practice.

As Expert says “Research is to see what everybody else has seen and to think what nobody else has thought”. The prime motive of any institution is to do research and to find a new Knowledge Value Creation model so that our world can be lead to a better place. Research and Professional Practice like Research publication, Patents, and other Executive Development Programs of any Institution are the major NIRF Ranking Parameters that decide good and the best Ones. Research and Professional Practice Model covers these parameters.

  • Combined metric for Publications (PU)
  • Combined metric for Quality of Publications (QP)
  • IPR and Patents: Filed, Published, Granted and Licensed (IPR)
  • Footprint of Projects and Professional Practice And Executive Development Programs (FPPP)

Graduation Outcomes

The true purpose of education is not to increase the amount of knowledge but to create the possibilities for a child to invent and discover new things. Our Institutions are designed to create men who are capable of doing what they think and believe. The status of Graduating Students from any Institution decides the future of the institution. Placement Records, the level of University Examination and the number of graduating students opting for Higher studies are a few of the key factors that help NIRF Ranking Methodology to go deep with Ranking. Few of the Important Parameters that decide the Graduation Outcomes of a particular institution is as followed.

  • Combined % for Placement, Higher Studies, and Entrepreneurship (GPHE)
  • Metric for University Examinations: GUE
  • Median Salary
  • Metric for Graduating Students Admitted Into Top Universities (GTOP)
  • Metric for Number of PhD Students Graduated GPHD

Outreach and Inclusivity.

IIT Kanpur is located in the city of Uttar Pradesh(an Indian State) but is known globally for its academic excellence. The outreach of a particular college is the most important factor in deciding the ranking of a college. If a college is good then it will attract students from the neighbouring states but if the College is Best in the race then no doubt that the percentage of students from other states/countries will be more. The facilities and Inclusivity for other socially/physically or economically challenged students are also taken into consideration by NIRF Ranking Board to rank a particular college. Some of the other parameters that define the outreach and inclusivity of a college are as followed.

  • Per cent Students from other states/countries (Region Diversity RD)
  • Percentage of Women (WF) + (WS) + (WA)
  • Economically and Socially Challenged Students (ESCS)
  • Facilities for Physically Challenged Students (PCS)


One’s Perception of a particular Institute depends upon so many things. College Perception is one of the most important NIRF Ranking Parameters that decide the ranking of a particular institution. Here perception means Employer and Research Investors and Competitiveness of a college. Some of the major factors that help NIRF to decide about the perception of a college are as followed.

  • Peer Perception: Employers and Research Investors (PREMP)
  • Peer Perception: Academics (PRACD)
  • Public Perception (PRPUB)
  • Competitiveness (PRCMP)

Note: Though the NIRF Ranking is the most trusted methodology to decide between a good and the Best one Just because the college is “highly-ranked” or “prestigious” doesn’t mean it’s the right College for you. Always keep in mind that one person’s dream college could be another’s nightmare. It’s always better to visit and experience college.

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