Agriculture is the process of planting crops and breeding animals in order to produce food. It is the key factor to look up for the economic development of any economy. It is started at least 105,000 years ago. It is basically planting the seeds and all the chores related to animal husbandry.
In the middle ages, it became a source of income and then farmers took it to earn an income apart from just consumption. In 1961, India had a green revolution which gave a boom to agriculture and in 1970 white revolution a boom in milk production in India.