Hi friends, today we are going to discuss you the latest Syllabus of Class XI Biology Syllabus. As you know very well that Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has its own curriculum and they hold the supreme authority to change it further for the benefit of students.
So it’s always a wise decision to keep an eye on what happening around with the subject you are going to learn. This year CBSE made little bit changes in class IX Biology syllabus. Let us have a look at the updated CBSE class XI Biology Syllabus for the academic year 2017-18
CBSE class XI Biology Syllabus (2018-19 Session)
CLASS XI (2017-18)
|Unit||Title||No. of Periods||Marks|
|I||Diversity of Living Organisms||23||07|
|II||Structural Organisation in Plants and Animals||22||12|
|III||Cell: Structure and Function||35||15|
Unit-I Diversity of Living Organisms (23 Periods)
Chapter-1: The Living World
What is living? Biodiversity; Need for classification; three domains of life; taxonomy and systematics; the concept of species and taxonomical hierarchy; binomial nomenclature; tools for the study of taxonomy-museums, zoological parks, herbaria, botanical gardens.
Chapter-2: Biological Classification
Five kingdom classification; Salient features and classification of Monera, Protista, and Fungi into major groups: Lichens, Viruses, and Viroids.
Chapter-3: Plant Kingdom
Salient features and classification of plants into major groups-Algae, Bryophyta, Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae and Angiospermae (three to five salient and distinguishing features and at least two examples of each category); Angiosperms – classification up to class, characteristic features and examples.
Chapter-4: Animal Kingdom
Salient features and classification of animals non-chordates up to phyla level and chordates up to class level (three to five salient features and at least two examples of each category). (No live animals or specimen should be displayed.)
Unit-II Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants ( 22 Periods)
Chapter-5: Morphology of Flowering Plants Morphology and modifications: Tissues
Chapter-6: Anatomy of Flowering Plants
Anatomy and functions of different parts of flowering plants: root, stem, leaf, inflorescence, flower, fruit and seed (to be dealt along with the relevant experiment of the Practical Syllabus).
Chapter-7: Structural Organisation in Animals
Animal tissues: Morphology, anatomy, and functions of different systems (digestive, circulatory, respiratory, nervous and reproductive) of an insect (cockroach). (a brief account only)
Unit-III Cell: Structure and Function (35 Periods)
Chapter-8: Cell-The Unit of Life
Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life: Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells; Plant cell and animal cell; cell envelope; cell membrane, cell wall; cell organelles – structure and function; endomembrane system, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bodies, lysosomes, vacuoles; mitochondria, ribosomes, plastids, microbodies; cytoskeleton, cilia, flagella, centrioles (ultrastructure and function); nucleus, nuclear membrane, chromatin, nucleolus.
Chemical constituents of living cells: biomolecules, structure, and function of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, enzymes, types, properties, enzyme action.
Chapter-10: Cell Cycle and Cell Division
Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and their significance.
Unit-IV Plant Physiology (40 Periods)
Chapter-11: Transport in Plants
Movement of water, gases, and nutrients; cell to cell transport, Diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active transport; plant-water relations, Imbibition, water potential, osmosis, plasmolysis; long-distance transport of water – Absorption, apoplast, symplast, transpiration pull, root pressure and guttation; transpiration, opening and closing of stomata; Uptake and translocation of mineral nutrients-Transport of food, phloem transport, mass flow hypothesis; diffusion of gases.
Chapter-12: Mineral Nutrition
Essential minerals, macro- and micronutrients and their role; deficiency symptoms; Mineral toxicity; elementary idea of hydroponics as a method to study mineral nutrition; nitrogen metabolism, nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation.
Chapter-13: Photosynthesis in Higher Plants
Photosynthesis as a mean of autotrophic nutrition; site of photosynthesis, pigments involved in photosynthesis (elementary idea); Photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis; cyclic and noncyclic photophosphorylation; chemiosmotic hypothesis; photorespiration; C3 and C4 pathways; factors affecting photosynthesis.
Chapter-14: Respiration in Plants
Exchange of gases; cellular respiration – glycolysis, fermentation (anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transport system (aerobic); energy relations – the number of ATP molecules generated; Amphibolic pathways; respiratory quotient.
Chapter-15: Plant – Growth and Development
Seed germination; phases of plant growth and plant growth rate; conditions of growth; differentiation, dedifferentiation and redifferentiation; sequence of developmental processes in a plant cell; growth regulators – auxin, gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, ABA; seed dormancy; vernalization; photoperiodism.
Unit-V Human Physiology (40 Periods)
Chapter-16: Digestion and Absorption
Alimentary canal and digestive glands, the role of digestive enzymes and gastrointestinal hormones; Peristalsis, digestion, absorption and assimilation of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; calorific values of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; egestion; nutritional and digestive disorders – PEM, indigestion, constipation, vomiting, jaundice, diarrhea.
Chapter-17: Breathing and Exchange of Gases
Respiratory organs in animals (recall only); Respiratory system in humans; Mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans – exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration, respiratory volume; disorders related to respiration – asthma, emphysema, occupational respiratory disorders.
Chapter-18: Body Fluids and Circulation
Composition of blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood; Composition of lymph and its function; Human circulatory system-Structure of human heart and blood vessels; cardiac cycle, cardiac output, ECG; double circulation; regulation of cardiac activity; disorders of circulatory system – hypertension, coronary artery disease, angina pectoris, heart failure.
Chapter-19: Excretory Products and Their Elimination
Modes of excretion – ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism; human excretory system – structure and function; urine formation, osmoregulation; regulation of kidney function – renin-angiotensin, atrial natriuretic factor, ADH and diabetes insipidus; role of other organs in excretion; disorders – uraemia, renal failure, renal calculi, nephritis; dialysis and artificial kidney.
Chapter-20: Locomotion and Movement
Types of movement – ciliary, flagellar, muscular; skeletal muscle- contractile proteins and muscle contraction; skeletal system and its functions; joints; disorders of the muscular and skeletal system – myasthenia gravis, tetany, muscular dystrophy, arthritis, osteoporosis, gout.
Chapter-21: Neural Control and Coordination
Neuron and nerves; Nervous system in humans – central nervous system; peripheral nervous system and visceral nervous system; generation and conduction of nerve impulse; reflex action; sensory perception; sense organs; elementary structure and functions of eye and ear.
Chapter-22: Chemical Coordination and Integration
Endocrine glands and hormones; human endocrine system – hypothalamus, pituitary, pineal, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, pancreas, gonads; mechanism of hormone action (elementary idea); role of hormones as messengers and regulators, hypo – and hyperactivity and related disorders; dwarfism, acromegaly, cretinism, goiter, exophthalmic goiter, diabetes, Addison’s disease.
Note: Diseases related to all the human physiological systems to be taught in brief.
Time Allowed: Three hours Max. Marks: 30
|One Major Experiment Part A (Expt No. 1, 3, 7, 8)||5 Marks|
|One Minor Experiment Part A (Expt No. 6, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13)||4 Marks|
|Slide Preparation Part A (Expt No. 2, 4, 5)||5 Marks|
|Spotting Part B||7 Marks|
|Practical Record + Viva Voce||4 Marks|
|Project Record + Viva Voce||5 Marks|
A. List of Experiments (60 Periods)
1. Study and description of three locally available common flowering plants, one from each of the families Solanaceae, Fabaceae and Liliaceae (Poaceae, Asteraceae or Brassicaceae can be substituted in case of particular geographical location) including dissection and display of floral whorls, anther and ovary to show number of chambers (floral formulae and floral diagrams). Types of the root (Tap and adventitious); stem (herbaceous and woody); leaf (arrangement, shape, venation, simple and compound).
2. Preparation and study of T.S. of dicot and monocot roots and stems (primary).
3. Study of osmosis by potato osmometer.
4. Study of plasmolysis in epidermal peels (e.g. Rhoeo leaves).
5. Study of distribution of stomata in the upper and lower surface of leaves.
6. Comparative study of the rates of transpiration in the upper and lower surface of leaves.
7. Test for the presence of sugar, starch, proteins, and fats. Detection of suitable plant and animal materials.
8. Separation of plant pigments through paper chromatography.
9. Study of the rate of respiration in flower buds/leaf tissue and germinating seeds.
10. Test for presence of urea in urine.
11. Test for presence of sugar in urine.
12. Test for presence of albumin in urine.
13. Test for presence of bile salts in urine.
B. Study/observation of the following (spotting)
1. Study of the parts of a compound microscope.
2. Study of the specimens/slides/models and identification with reasons – Bacteria, Oscillatoria, Spirogyra, Rhizopus, mushroom, yeast, liverwort, moss, fern, pine, one monocotyledonous plant, one dicotyledonous plant and one lichen.
3. Study of virtual specimens/slides/models and identification with reasons – Amoeba, Hydra, liver fluke, Ascaris, leech, earthworm, prawn, silkworm, honeybee, snail, starfish, shark, rohu, frog, lizard, pigeon, and rabbit.
4. Study of tissues and diversity in shapes and sizes of plant and animal cells (palisade cells, guard cells, parenchyma, collenchyma, sclerenchyma, xylem, phloem, squamous epithelium, muscle fibers and mammalian blood smear) through temporary/permanent slides.
5. Study of mitosis in onion root tip cells and animals cells (grasshopper) from permanent slides.
6. Study of different modifications in roots stems and leaves.
7. Study and identification of different types of inflorescence (cymose and racemose).
8. Study of imbibition in seeds/raisins.
9. Observation and comments on the experimental set up for showing:
a) Anaerobic respiration
c) Effect of apical bud removal
d) Suction due to transpiration
10. Study of the human skeleton and different types of joints with the help of virtual images/models only.
11. Study of external morphology of cockroach through virtual images/models.
Practical Examination for Visually Impaired Students
Note: The ‘Evaluation Scheme’ and ‘General Guidelines’ for visually impaired students for Class XII provided in the following pages may be followed.
A. Items for Identification/Familiarity with the apparatus/ equipment/animal and plant material/chemicals etc. for assessment in practicals(All experiments)
Plants of –
- Solanaceae- Brinjal, Petunia, any other
- Fabaceae- Rice, Wheat, any other
- Liliaceae- Any of the Lilies
A compound microscope, seeds of monocot and dicot- maize and gram or any other Model of a Human skeleton to show –
- Ball and socket joints of girdles and limbs
- Rib cage
Test tube, honeycomb, Mollusc shell, Models of Pigeon and Starfish, mushroom, Petri dish, succulents such as Aloe vera/kalanchoe, raisins, beaker, potatoes, scalpel, chromatography paper, chromatography chamber, alcohol, specimen/model of a cockroach.
B. List of Practicals
1. Study three locally available common flowering plants of the families – Solanaceae, Fabaceae, Liliaceae, and identity:
- Types of roots as Tap and Adventitious
- Types of stems as Herbaceous or Woody
- Types of leaves as Compound or Simple
2. Study the parts of a compound microscope- eyepiece and objective lens, mirror, stage, coarse and fine adjustment knobs.
3. Differentiate between monocot and dicot plants on the basis of venation patterns.
4. Study the following parts of the human skeleton (Model):
- Ball and socket joints of thigh and shoulder
- Rib cage
5. Study honeybee through the comb, snail through the shell, Starfish through the model, Pigeon through a model.
6. Identify the given specimen of a fungus – Mushroom.
7. Study the adaptive features of xerophytic plants.
8. Study the process of osmosis through endosmosis in raisins.
9. Identify and relate the given experimental set up with aim of the experiment:
- Paper Chromatography
- Potato Osmometer
10. Study the external features/morphology of cockroach through model
1. Biology Class-XI, Published by NCERT
2. Other related books and manuals brought out by NCERT (consider multimedia also)
BIOLOGY (Code No. 044)
QUESTION PAPER DESIGN
Class – XI (2017-18)
Time: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 70
|S. No.||Typology of Questions||Very Short Answer (VSA) (1 mark)||Short Answer-I (SA-I) (2 marks)||Short Answer –II (SA-II) (3 marks)||Value-based question (VBQ) (4 marks)||Long Answer (LA) (5 marks)||Total Marks||% Weightage|
|1||Remembering- (Knowledge-based Simple recall questions, to know specific facts, terms, concepts, principles, or theories, Identify, define, or recite information)||2||1||1||–||–||7||10%|
|2||Understanding- (Comprehension –To be familiar with the meaning and to understand conceptually, interpret, compare, contrast, explain, paraphrase information)||–||2||4||–||1||21||30%|
|3||Application (Use the abstract information in a concrete situation, to apply knowledge to new situations, Use given content to interpret a situation, provide an example, or solve a problem) |
|4||High Order Thinking Skills (Analysis & Synthesis- Classify, Compare, Contrast, or differentiate between different pieces of information, Organize and/or integrate unique pieces of information from a variety of sources)||2||–||1||–||1||10||14%|
|5||Evaluation- (Appraise, judge, and/or justify the value or worth of a decision or outcome, or to predict outcomes based on values)||1||–||2||1||–||11||16%|
QUESTION WISE BREAK UP
|Type of Question||Mark(s) per Question||Total No. of Questions||Total Marks|
1. Internal Choice: There is no overall choice in the paper. However, there is an internal choice in one question of 2 marks weightage, one question of 3 marks weightage and all three question of 5 marks weightage.
2. The above template is only a sample. Suitable internal variations may be made for generating similar templates keeping the overall weightage to a different form of questions and typology of questions same.