Most of us might have familiarized with Biology and Physics. But Biophysics is somewhat new to you. As the name implies, we cannot simply define it as a mixture of Biology and Physics, it’s something more than that. We have heard about the enormous techniques such as Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), X-Ray technology, Laser etc used in medical field to access and get a better view of the body parts of a human being. All these techniques are a contribution of Biophysics. The fact that living organisms do obey rules and principles of physics has paved a way to Biophysics. The given article will give you an inside review about “what is Biophysics” and different Biophysics careers scope after doing Biophysics courses in India.

what is biophysics

career in Biophysics


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What is Biophysics?

Biophysics or simply Biological Physics is an interdisciplinary branch which solves biological problems with the application of Physics. In general, it can be defined as an area of science dealing with biological problems with the help of one’s physical mentality and skill set. Physics is a branch of study to govern physical phenomena that happen in this physical world. Hence, when Physics is mixed with Biology, it becomes Biophysics to govern biological phenomena that occurred in a biological world.

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Who is a Biophysicist?

A Biophysicist is a person who has studied Biophysics to discover various physical mechanisms which lie under a complex biological system. Biophysicists usually spent their time by experimenting a particular biological system and the results are utilized to study the complex physical phenomena associated with it. Recently, Biophysics has expanded into molecular biology to study interactions of macromolecules and Biophysicists are conducting experiments on them.

The works of a Biophysicists typically include studying the structure of molecules using techniques like X-Ray crystallography, NMR spectroscopy etc. Biophysicists work with utmost care inside a Biophysics laboratory to protect themselves from radiation and heavy metal poisoning. A Biophysicist studies life at every level, from atoms and organisms to environment.

Various Biophysics Courses in India:

To work as a Biophysicists or to make a career in Biophysics, one can earn a degree in following Biophysics course.

(A). Diploma in Biophysics

  • Eligibility: Higher Graduation
  • Course Duration: 1 year

 (B). Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Biophysics

  • Eligibility: Higher Secondary (10+2) with Science stream
  • Course Duration: 3 years

(C). Master of Science (M.Sc.) in Biophysics

  • Eligibility: Bachelor’s degree in science
  • Course Duration: 2 years

(D). Certificate Courses in Biophysics

  • Eligibility: Higher Secondary (10+2) with Science stream
  • Course Duration: a few months to one year

(E). Master of Philosophy (M.Phil.) / in Biophysics

  • Eligibility: Post Graduation
  • Course Duration: 2 years

(F). Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) / in Biophysics

  • Eligibility: Post Graduation
  • Course Duration: 3 years

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What are the job profiles of a Biophysicists?

After doing courses in Biophysics, one can work in following biophysics profile.

  • Biophysicists
  • Forensic biophysicist
  • Researcher
  • Medical biophysicist
  • Scientist
  • Nutritional biophysicist
  • Clinical biophysicist
  • Applied biophysicist

What are the job opportunities for a Biophysicist?

As the physical and biological problems are increasing day by day, the demand for Biophysicists has become phenomenal in modern days. Biophysics researches are conducted at various levels starting from the Bimolecular scale and Organismal scale to Environmental scale. Other than these, a Biophysicist has career opportunities in fields like Agrophysics, Biochemistry, Bioengineering, Biogeophysics, Nanotechnology, and System Biology.

Those who have studied Astobiophysics are eligible to work in the Astrophysical area to study various astrophysical phenomena. Medical Biophysics industries are best suited for those who would like to work in therapeutic and diagnostic fields.

Top institutes in India offering Biophysics courses:

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi (M.Sc. Biophysics)
  • Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Haryana (M.Sc. Biophysics)
  • Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kerala (B.Sc. & M.Sc. Biophysics)
  • Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Uttarakhand (B.Sc. & M.Sc. Biophysics)
  • National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Karnataka (M.Phil. & Ph.D. Biophysics)
  • The university of Delhi, Delhi (M.Phil. Biophysics)
  • Punjab University, Punjab (Ph.D. Biophysics)

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