What is Coronavirus? Symptoms, Prevention, Do’s and Dont’s & More!!

    What is Coronavirus?
    [image credit: Md. Adnan]

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    Hello everyone who is reading this article. As we all familiar with the medical crisis facing all over the world and this is due to none other coronavirus disease. The first symptom found in Wuhan City, Hubei Province of China in 2019. The disease is called coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

    Coronavirus
    source: Govt. of India

    The virus is a type of coronavirus which is a family of viruses that can cause illness such as common cold, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a communicable disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus.

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    The people who are infected with the COVID-19 virus (coronavirus) will suffer from mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without needing special treatment.  Old age people and those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more likely to develop serious illness.

    EMERGENCY 
    Coronavirus desease (COVID-19) Pandemic

    As everyone knows that the whole world is suffering from this crisis, Edufever Family is working constantly to bring educational news for you. Our 24X7 dedicated team is working non stop to let you surf the best available educational content FREE of COST. If you are worried about your carrier, you can call our dedicated counselling team to let you know about all the do’s and dont’s while staying at home and shaping your career for a better future. For any information related to dates of examination and admissions, you keep visiting here. Or just simply Click Here

    Overview

    Name of the Disease Coronavirus disease (COVID-19)
    Type Of Disease Viral
    Started From China
    Vaccination NO
    Full-Form
    • CO- Corona
    • VI- Virus
    • D- Disease
    • 19- 2019

    CBSE Resources

    If you are a student or your ward is studying in a school then these useful CBSE resources will help you to prepare for your upcoming board examionation. 

    What are coronaviruses?

    Corona 2
    source: Govt. of India

    Novel coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans. This “novel” coronavirus is now officially named as Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Evolution analysis shows that they are under different subgroup branches with different genetic sequences.

     

    How Coronavirus is Transmitted?

    corona 3
    source: Govt. of India

    The COVID-19 (Coronavirus) virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes, so it’s important that you also practice respiratory protocol (for example, by coughing into a flexed elbow). Basically there are two categories from which coronavirus is transmitted those are listed below:

    • Direct Transmission
    • Indirect Transmission

    Direct Transmission

    Coronavirus (COVID-19) causes respiratory disease and is mainly transmitted in person to person. It can happen in the following circumstances:

    • Between people who are in close contact with each other (within a radius of 6 feet)
    • Through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes.
    • These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs.

    Indirect Transmission

    A person can possibly get coronavirus (COVID-19) by touching the surface or an object (e.g. door-knobs and table mobile phone) that has the virus on it and then touching his own mouth, nose, or eyes.

    corona 4
    source: Govt. of India
    corona 5
    source: Govt. of India

    Signs and Symptoms

    The signs and symptoms of coronavirus are similar to the symptoms of ordinary flu. A study shows that a patient who has been or had contact with the infected one will give clues of whether the patient have been exposed to COVID-19 or not.

    Physical Signs and Symptoms

    These are the basic symptoms of COVID-19. A person infected from it may shows these symptoms 2-14 days after exposure to covid:

    Fever Cough shortness of breath

    Who will be Efected?

    According to WHO, people of all ages can be infected by coronavirus (COVID-19). The following groups of people appear to be more vulnerable to becoming severely ill with the virus.

    corona 6
    source: Govt. of India
    corona 6
    source: Govt. of India
    corona 8
    source: Govt. of India

    What is Incubation Period?

    Transmission may occur during the incubation period before a person shows signs of sickness. The incubation period of the virus is the time between the exposure and the display of symptoms. Current information suggests that the incubation period ranges from 1 to 12.5 days (with median estimates of 5 to 6 days), but can be as long as 14 days.

    Symptoms of Coronavirus Family

    Particulars COVID-19 SARS Influenza Common Cough
    Clinical Manifestations Excessive fatigue coughs, shortness of breaths, coughing up yellow or green mucus, chest X-ray shows scattered opacities in the lung. Coughs; breathing difficulties; fatigue; headache and diarrhoea; fever Running nose; sneezing; coughs; high temperature; muscle pain; diarrhoea; vomiting Nasal congestion; coughs; sore throat; throat discomfort; sneezing
    Incubation Period 7-14 days 2-7 days 1-4 days 1 day
    Ways of Transmission Short distance droplets spread; close contact; contacts with animals Short distance droplets spread; close contact Coughs; sneezing and droplets spread; contact with secretions of an infected person Droplets spread; contact with infected nasal secretions
    Preventive Measures Regular and frequent hand washing; check body temperature; use alcohol-based disinfectant; wear a surgical mask; enhance airflow; avoid contacts with animals or eat game meat Cover mouth and nose when sneezing and coughing; regular and frequent hand washing; do not touch nose and mouth; wear a surgical mask; enhance airflow Vaccination (flu shot); keep hands clean; wear a surgical mask; improve airflow Regular hand wash, wear a surgical mask, boost your immune system

    Preventive Measures

    The best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to it. WHO recommends the following actions to prevent the spread of respiratory diseases:

    Prevention Measures
    • Wash hand frequently
    • Maintain Social Distance of at least 1 meter (3 feet)
      distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing
      or sneezing
    • Avoid touching eyes, nose, and mouth
    • Practice respiratory hygiene
    • Seek medical care early if you have a fever, cough, and difficulty breathing
    • Practice food safety
    Prevention Measures Prevention Measures Prevention Measures
    Prevention Measures Prevention Measures Prevention Measures

    Guidelines For Washing Hands

    Hand hygiene is the most important measure of reducing the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19). Pepole must perform hand hygiene properly and wash hands frequently, especially before touching eyes, nose, and mouth. When hands are visibly soiled or likely contaminated with blood and body fluid or after the contact with infected persons, it is advised to clean hands with liquid soap and water.

    Hand Wash
    source: Govt. of India

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    Guidance For Sanitizing Hands

    Hand sanitizer is a liquid generally used to decrease infectious agents on the hands. If hand washing facilities are not available, or when hands are not visibly soiled, perform hand hygiene with 70% to 80% alcohol-based hand sanitizer (e.g., isopropyl alcohol and ethyl alcohol). It is an effective alternative to prevent cross-transmission of infectious diseases via hands.

    Guidance For Sanitizing Hands
    Guidance For Sanitizing Hands

    Do’s and Dont’s

    At this time, there are no specific vaccines or treatments for COVID-19. However, there are many ongoing clinical trials evaluating potential treatments. WHO will continue to provide updated information as soon as clinical findings become available. Till then, you must follow these do’s and dont’s.

    Do's and Dont's
    Do’s and Dont’s

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    Note: All information and Images taken from Government Of India Officials.

    Source: WHO, Ministry of India.

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