A career in Civil Engineering: Know About the Course, Scope, Jobs & Other Details

One of the most popular beliefs is that civil engineering is among the first engineering disciplines that came into existence. And whether it is true or not, one thing that holds merit is that a career in civil engineering is, in fact, one of the most important and sought-after courses in India and across the world. 

So, as the time of admission and entrance exams is nearing the timeline, choosing your course is becoming mandatory. Keep on reading, and you will find every crucial detail related to this discipline in the article. If CIF is inclined toward civil engineering and wants to know more about the course, this is the right place for you.  

1 What is Civil Engineering?
2 Course Overview
3 Specialisation in Civil Engineering
4 Eligibility Criteria
5 Entrance Exams For Civil Engineering
6 Top Colleges
7 Fee Structure in Top Colleges
8 Scope and Career Opportunities in Civil Engineering
9 Top Recruiters (Top Companies Hiring Civil Engineers)
10 Salary Prospects of Civil Engineering
11 Pros and Cons of Civil Engineering
12 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

“Civil Engineering is the branch of engineering which teaches you the most about managing people.”

John Harvey Jones

What is Civil Engineering?

Civil Engineering is one of the core branches of engineering. It is all about the art of building infrastructures and all artificial constructions. Above all, compared to other engineering disciplines, the scope of civil engineering is relatively higher in India.

Students learn about design, construction and the maintenance of buildings. Hence, they learn how to keep natural or artificial infrastructures secure and mitigate them. In addition to that, civil engineering is not just about building buildings. Still, it also incorporates the features of industrial constructions, road constructions, railway or metro construction and various others. 

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Course Overview

  1. This branch of engineering is not just about learning and pursuing a career. It is also a form of art that requires creativity. 
  2. A civil engineer not only constructs a strong building but they make it stand out from others by making it appealing.  
  3. In addition to that, civil engineer does not construct a building, but they make it strong and durable to live a safe life. 
  4. This branch is not confined to the fundamental of composing a concrete building or dam. Still, it also gives information about fire management, accidental escape management, safety from natural disasters, etc.

Specialisation in Civil Engineering 

A few examples of specialisation in civil engineering are given below:

Coastal and Ocean EngineeringEnvironmental Engineering
Geotechnical EngineeringFire Protection Engineering
Construction EngineeringGeneral Engineering
Structural EngineeringIrrigation Engineering
Bridge EngineeringMaterials Engineering
Land DevelopmentUrban Engineering
Hydraulic EngineeringWater Resources Engineering
Transportation Engineering 

Eligibility Criteria

Below are the basic eligibility criteria required for admission in UG and PG level civil engineering courses. 

CourseEligibility Criteria
For UG coursesThe candidate must have cleared the 12th class from a recognised board.
In addition, core subjects, i.e. Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics, are mandatory.
A minimum of 45% to 50% marks is required in the 12th class, and the admission process to the B. Tech program is done through the entrance exams such as – JEE Main, JEE Advanced, MHCET, KCET.
For PG coursesCandidates should have passed a B. Tech degree with a minimum passing percentage in the aggregation of all subjects studied in the undergraduate program. The admissions are made through the entrance exam, such as – the GATE score merit list.

Read Also: To Get Detailed information on JEE Main 2022 Eligibility Criteria, Click Here.

Entrance Exams For Civil Engineering

Given below is the list of top engineering entrance exams in India.

Entrance ExamConducted By
JEE MainNational Test Agency
VITEEEVIT University
BITSATBirla Institute of Technology and Science
KIITEEKalinga Institute of Industrial Technology
MHT CETMaharashtra State Common Entrance Test Cell

Top Colleges

There are several best colleges and universities for a career in civil engineering in India. A few examples of such colleges are given below.

Indian Institute of Technology, BombayNational Institute of Technology, Trichy
Indian Institute of Technology, DelhiNational Institute of Technology, Warangal
Indian Institute of Technology, KanpurVellore Institute of Technology, Chennai 
Indian Institute of Technology, KharagpurGalgotia College of Engineering and Technology, Greater Noida 
Indian Institute of Technology, MadrasGL Bajaj, Greater Noida 
Indian Institute of Technology, RoorkeeSRM, Chennai 
Birla Institute of Technology & Science, PilaniManipal Institute of Technology, Manipal 
Indian Institute of Technology, GuwahatiAK Garg, Ghaziabad

Fee Structure in Top Colleges

The basic fee structure for civil engineering is mentioned here. However, do keep in mind that the fees mentioned are subject to change and majorly depend on from college to college. 

Name of The InstituteSpecialization Overall Average Program Fees
IIT Bombay – Indian Institute of Technology (IITB)Fees For MTech in Transportation System EngineeringINR 50,000
IIT Kharagpur – Indian Institute of Technology (IITKGP)Fees For BTech in Civil EngineeringINR 8.52 Lakh
IIT Madras – Indian Institute of Technology Chennai (IITM)Fees For BTech in Civil EngineeringINR 9.38 Lakh
IIT Kanpur – Indian Institute of Technology (IITK)Fees For BTech in Civil EngineeringFees For BTech in Civil Engineering are INR 8.27 Lakh
IIT Roorkee – Indian Institute of Technology (IITR)Fees For BTech in Civil EngineeringINR 8.42 Lakh

Scope and Career Opportunities in Civil Engineering

As we have already mentioned, a Career in civil engineering is one of the oldest branches of engineering. In other words, this branch has been pursued for a long time by various experts; in addition to that, this branch is also known as the backbone of social and industrial development. Above all, being an old branch, civil engineers have built sports arenas, industries, tall buildings, private homes, hospitals, villas, hotels, bridges, dams, etc.

These engineers are not limited to earning by participating in field jobs. Subsequently, a civil engineer can also work as an infrastructure consultant or a construction map designer and get their own private office.   

Job ProfileJob Description
Structural EngineersThey design, plan and supervise the construction of infrastructural projects like buildings, bridges, etc. They also take care of alteration and extension to existing properties or structures.
Geotechnical EngineersThe primary responsibility of Geotechnical engineers is to create projects and find solutions to the problems that are related to geology.
Site EngineersThey take responsibility for security, safety, health, organizing, and supervising material and people working at the site. They are part of the site management team.
Construction EngineersThe main task includes – planning, directing, and supervising large construction projects. They act as leaders and intermediaries on construction projects and ensure everything about the project is safe, smooth and structurally sound.

Top Recruiters (Top Companies Hiring Civil Engineers)

Civil engineers can start their careers in both the private and government sector because of the field of their knowledge. They can find employment in construction, transport and communications, infrastructure, and various buildings. In addition, they can also work in sectors like storage production, gas, distribution of electricity and water resources.  

A few top recruiting companies for civil engineers are:

  1. L & T
  2. Gammon India
  3. Sobha Developers Ltd.
  4. Shapoorji Pallonji & Company
  5. Unitech
  6. Nagarjun Construction Company
  7. Punj Lloyd
  8. Aga Khan Planning and Building Services
  9. Ayas Shilpa
  10. Sadbhav Engineering
  11. Bridge and Roof Company
  12. MARG Limited
  13. Metro Tunneling Group
  14. Gannon Dunkerley & Company

Salary Prospect of Civil Engineering

Firstly, always keep in mind that the salary package of a person depends upon their total expertise and on which college the person has completed their graduation. In addition, it also depends upon personality, skills and various other factors. 

CourseFor Fresher (in INR)For Mid Expertise (in INR)For Experienced (in INR)
INR 3.5 LakhsINR 6-7 LakhsINR 11-14 Lakhs
Given salary is subject to change

Pros and Cons Of Civil Engineering


  • Good pay: Most often, skilled and qualified civil engineers experience decent pay scales. The quality of the college from which one seeks the course plays an essential role in determining the salary package.
  • Job availability: As already said, civil engineering is a core branch of engineering. It is also called an evergreen branch. Therefore, most core branches generate better job opportunities (compared to other engineering branches).
  • Chance to work abroad: This is particularly true in cases of Gulf countries. Civil engineers are in great demand over there. The pay package is also extremely better than what it is in India.
  • Excellent Government job opportunities: Civil engineers have entrance to many government job posts. Armed forces, Indian Railways, PWDs, NHAI, Municipal corporations, Housing boards etc., are known to recruit them regularly.
  • Job satisfaction: Civil engineers design and build things. They are competent in designing and building structures like bridges, roads, stadiums, sewer systems, houses etc. Also, they can touch the lives of people straight through their work.
  • Respected profession: Civil engineers have fastened their own place in society because of the abovementioned point. It is indeed a respected profession.
  • Access to multiple job roles/profiles: These engineers may don roles such as – supervisor, field officer, project manager, design specialist, research candidate etc.
  • A unique blend of technical expertise and creativity: It is a profession where you can express your creativity, problem-solving skills and technical experience. To sum up, you won’t be bored with your work. You’ll always be motivated and psychologically stimulated.
  • Away from small cubicles: Many civil engineers have access to site work. If you don’t like the typical cubicle work setup, you will enjoy working outdoors! This profession takes civil engineers to various locations and environments – hilly areas, seashores, villages, forests etc.


  • Long working hours: Several times, projects can be testing and challenging. Deadlines can be hard to meet. Such conditions could often result in long and tough working hours. It is not unusual to see civil engineers work long shifts to complete their projects.
  • Hazards at the worksite: A project site is filled with huge construction machinery, vehicles, building materials etc. Dust, sharp tools, pollution, fire and work accidents etc., are common occurrences at many work sites.
  • Remote locations: Working outdoors could be fun for some. But it is not true in the cases of several people. Civil engineers may end up working in some remote and hostile areas. While it could be fun for some, many engineers don’t really enjoy it!
  • Increased liability (and thus pressure): Civil engineers usually design and build structures. These structures usually have high strategic, commercial and political value. A lot of planning, calculation, and effort must be put into constructing such structures. An eye for detail is something that civil engineers must have. This increased liability often leads to pressure (in the case of civil engineers). Mistakes can have dire consequences.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Which are the best colleges in India to pursue Civil Engineering?

Undoubtedly, the IITs and NITs are the best for engineering in India. However, in terms of private colleges, Galgotia College, GL Bajaj, VIT, and SRM are a few examples of the best colleges. 

What can the average salary one make after completing this course?

As salary depends from person to person and company to company, a person can make up to 30,000 INR a month in India after completing this course.

What are the average fees for pursuing a civil engineering course in a UG programme?

On average, it can cost from 1 lakh t 6 lakhs. But, it depends on which college type you choose, government or private. 

What is the advantage of JEE exams in respective of this course?

Clearing JEE exams gives the student a chance to choose from a plethora of top colleges as the marks of the JEE exam highly determine a student’s admission. 

5/5 - (10 votes)

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