The famous Botanist Joseph Paxton once said, “Botany – the science of the vegetable kingdom, is one of the most attractive, most useful, and extensive departments of human knowledge. It is, above every other, the science of beauty”. Plants are the primary producers of the ecosystem we live in. Hence it is a must to know the basic things about plants, how they interact with the environment, and how they react to various herbivores and environmental disturbances. This article will give you an inside review of the career in Botany in India and the different Botany jobs available after doing Botany courses.
Those who have taken science in higher secondary might have gotten an introduction to Botany. A person who has a love for plants and flowers and is ready to find happiness in discovering new plants and conducting experiments on them, Botany is the best and right profession for them. You may have heard the term Botany several times but wondered what it means. Hopefully, the article will help you to clarify all your queries related to a career in Botany and the Top Colleges offering Botany courses in India.
What is Botany?
Botany is a discipline of biology which deals with the study of plants in scientific terms or merely the science of plants. ‘Botany’ originated from the Greek word ‘Botane’, which means grass or fodder. Studying different plants makes it essential to have a clear picture of our world since almost everything relies on them. Botany is commonly referred to as a string or a thread to connect humans with nature, and it teaches us the art of respecting nature. After making a career in Botany, you can fetch valuable Information about the Plant Kingdom.
Who is a Botanist?
A Botanist, otherwise termed a Plant Scientist, is a person who specializes in the field of Botany. A Botanist classifies plants under molecular genetic analysis, including a plant’s DNA sequence, proteomics, and genomics. A Plant Scientist analyses a plant’s internal functions and processes at the cellular and tissue level. Palaeobotany is one of the different careers in Botany, where Palaeobotanists study ancient plants in fossil records to collect information regarding the history and evolution of plants.
How the life of a Botanist differs from a normal person?
Unlike any other profession, a Botanist will love nature and develop some traits to talk to nature. The vast knowledge of a plant’s physiology and anatomy helps them sense plants’ rhythm and movements. Botany will bring a Botanist close to Mother Nature and keep them tuned with nature. How a Plant Scientist looks at a plant is entirely different from that of a normal person. Being a Botanist is relaxing and rewarding at the same time. If you, too, get thrilled by the world of Botany, it is the right time to choose a career in Botany.
Various Botany Courses in India
To work as a Plant Scientist or to make a career in Botany, one can earn a degree in the following Botany course.
|B.Sc. in Botany||3 years|
|Certificate Courses in Botany||A few months to one year|
|M.Sc. in Botany||2 years|
|Diploma in Applied Botany||1 year|
|M.Phil. in Botany||2 years|
|PhD in Botany||3 years|
- Candidates must have completed 10+2 studies.
- Candidates must have studied English, Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics or Biology.
- The minimum percentage required in 10+2 is 55% to 60%.
The following are the eligibility criteria for botany courses. Let’s take a look.
|Qualification||10+2 or equivalent with a science stream including English, Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics or Biology exam from a recognized board.|
|Qualifying Marks||Candidates should have a minimum of 55% aggregate marks.|
Top Colleges in India offering Career in Botany
The following are the top colleges in India offering a career in botany course:
|Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University||Maharashtra|
|Jiwaji University||Madhya Pradesh|
|Government Arts College||Tamil Nadu|
|Abhilashi Institute of Life Sciences||Himachal Pradesh|
|Jamal Mohamed College||Tamil Nadu|
Job Opportunities for Botany Course
Though Botany offers multiple career options, it is necessary to score well to have a better future as a Botanist. Various public sectors in India, such as the Botanical Survey of India (BSI), National Institute of Oceanography (NIO), Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) and Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education (ICFR), offer numerous jobs for a Botanist every year. A Botanist can work as a Technical Assistant, Field Assistant or Scientific Assistant in private and government sectors. Private firms like nursery farms and environmental consultancies are good options for a Botanist.
|Field Botanist||Plant Geneticist|
|Nursery Manager||Computational Biologist|
Roles of a Botanist
- Collecting and identifying samples of plants. You will be observing and maintaining records of plant species. You will be working on different sites to collect these samples. Identifying and further analysing these samples usually happen in specialised labs.
- Developing plant crops that are resistant to diseases, pests and drought. You could focus your research and efforts towards developing plant species that are better at fighting such external factors.
- Identifying insects and their interaction with plants. You will be diagnosing and analysing plant pests and pathogens from among these. You might also have to monitor the soil, water, and air quality.
- Identifying and isolating certain chemical substances from plants that can be useful for different purposes. These chemicals could be used in drugs, food, biofuels, fabrics, industry materials, etc.
- Using and handling complex equipment to study plant characteristics, genetics and other micro factors. For instance, you might need to use radioisotopes to analyse specific characteristics. You need to know how to use such equipment.
- Researching the effects of climate change and human interference activities like farming on plant species. You might even have to give your feedback and advice to the government or other relevant organisations about all these effects.
Skills of a Botanist
Flexibility and Patience
The following is the average salary for a Botany course:
|Job Profile||Average Salary|
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Which field is best for science students with Biology (PCB)?
What are some of the best career options for a Science student?
Check out our list of the top 7 highest-paying science careers for inspiration to guide your science career journey.
2. Atmospheric Scientists
3. Biochemists and biophysicists
4. Medical Scientists
6. Materials Scientist
8. Nuclear Technicians
Is Botany a good career in India?
Botanist is a good career option for candidates interested in plant life. They can be involved in plant analysis, research, and protection of the plant kingdom. They can find employment in various sectors like the Agriculture sector, Research Institutes, the Pharmaceuticals industry, Educational Institutes etc.
Are Botanists in demand in India?
Various botanical gardens in India and abroad hire botanists. They are also in demand in nurseries, seed companies, medicinal plant research and biotechnology firms. Job options depend on levels of education.
What are the job opportunities after botany?
The following are the job opportunities after botany: