Career in Nephrology: Medical Science is a broad field with numerous sub-disciplines based on the human body parts and the associated diseases. Nephrology is one of the most vibrant and stimulating disciplines among them. Having your kidneys malfunction is even more likely than having your liver malfunction, primarily due to the chronic health conditions that develop at the same time. Kidney disease can develop from health issues like diabetes, obesity, heart disease, and high blood pressure. It can also cause high blood pressure and heart disease to develop, even if you didn’t have these conditions before.
The increase in of usage of tobacco and drugs has resulted in a large number of patients suffering from kidney-related problems. Nephrology is a medical discipline which usually studies kidneys, kidney problems, kidney transplantation and hypertension. Let us read a detailed description of Nephrology and various prospects associated with a Career in Nephrology.
|Course Duration||3 years|
|Eligibility||MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery)|
|Admission Process||Entrance-based selection|
|Skills Required||Critical thinking skills, Compassion, Patience, Scientific Skills|
|Job Profile||Paediatric, Nephrologist, Surgeon, Dialysis|
|Recruiting Sectors||Research centres, Dialysis centres, Colleges|
What is Nephrology?
Nephrology is derived from the Greek words nephron, which means kidney and logy, which means the study. Hence, Nephrology can be defined as the study of kidney and kidney-related problems. In the earlier days, Nephrology was referred to as a branch of medicine that dealt with normal kidney functions and related problems.
Later with the advances in technology, the field of Nephrology expanded to artificial organs and dialysis that can help function as a normal kidney. Professionals trained in Nephrology are known as Nephrologists and can treat diseases related to the kidney and other diseases like End-Stage Renal Disease resulting from partial treatment with dialysis.
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Who are Nephrology Specialists?
A nephrologist is a physician who studies and deals with nephrology. Nephrology is the adult and pediatric study of the kidneys and their diseases. The nephrologist deals with the diagnosis and management of kidney disease. The kidneys maintain the body’s normal fluid and electrolyte balance.
They also treat associated issues like high blood pressure, fluid retention, and electrolyte and mineral imbalances. In addition, these specialists are in charge of kidney dialysis treatment (hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis), kidney transplants, and follow-up care.
Nephrologists are experts in renal health and work to identify issues with your kidneys to help you maintain good health. Your kidneys are important because they filter your blood to remove waste and toxins and monitor and balance the body’s water, acid-base, and mineral ratios.
Courses for Nephrology
The following is the course for nephrology:
|Doctorate of Medicine (MD) in Nephrology||3 years|
|Diplomate of the National Board of Medical Exams (D.N.B.) in Nephrology||3 years|
How to get admission to Nephrology Course?
The following is the admission procedure for MD in Nephrology:
- Candidates having an MBBS degree can apply for MD in Nephrology course with a minimum of 60% marks.
- Candidates have to appear in NEET PG for admission to the course.
Given below are the eligibility criteria for students who want to pursue this course:
|Age Limit||The maximum age limit is 35 years.|
|Qualification||MBBS degree with MD in General Medicine|
|Qualifying Entrance Exam||NEET PG, JIPMER, PGIMER, AIIMS|
Syllabus for Nephrology Course
The following are the semester-wise syllabus for the nephrology course:
|Semester I||Semester II|
|Anatomy of Kidney||Basic and Advanced Investigations in Renal Diseases|
|Embryology of the Kidney||Fluid and Electrolyte Disorders|
|Physiology of the Kidney||Basic Knowledge of Immunology|
|Semester III||Semester IV|
|Basic Knowledge of Renal Pathology||Kidney Diseases in Children|
|Basic Knowledge of Renal Therapeutics||Hereditary Congenital Kidney Diseases|
|Basic Training in Renal Radiology||–|
|Semester V||Semester VI|
|Kidney Diseases in Pregnancy||Interstitial Diseases|
|Glomerular Diseases||Hypertension Vascular Diseases|
|–||Kidney Disorder in Geriatrics|
Top Colleges in India for Nephrology Courses
Many colleges in India offer Nephrology courses. Some of the best Nephrology colleges in India are as follows:
|All India Institute of Medical Sciences||New Delhi|
|Christian Medical College||Vellore|
|Andhra Medical College||Visakhapatnam|
|Dr N T R University of Health Sciences||Vijayawada|
|Government Medical College||Calicut|
|MS Ramaiah Medical College||Bangalore|
|Padmashree Dr DY Patil Medical College||Pune|
Diseases that fall under Nephrology
The following are the diseases that fall under the branch of Nephrology:
|Renal Vascular Diseases – related to blood vessels within the kidney||Glomerulonephritis and glomerular diseases.|
|Acute and chronic kidney diseases.||Kidney-related metabolic disorders.|
|Kidney and pancreas transplantation.||Lupus|
|Diabetes.||Fluid and electrolyte disorders.|
|Nephritic Syndrome and Nephritis||Tumours in the Kidney, Uterus, and Bladder|
|Hydronephrosis||Kidney Stone and Bladder Stone|
|Diabetes and Urine abnormalities||Glomerular disorders|
Career Opportunities for Nephrology
The demand for Nephrologists is relatively high since a kidney can be easily affected by many medicines and medical problems and is considered the most sensitive organ of the human body. A Nephrologist can work in either private or government hospitals where the chances of being referred by other doctors are pretty high.
Various kidney and dialysis centres offer multiple job opportunities for Nephrologists. Those with good experiences and skill sets can work as Nephrology consultants or start working independently. Colleges and universities offering Nephrology courses also recruit Nephrologists for teaching positions.
Roles of a Nephrologist
The following are the roles of a nephrologist:
- Consulting visiting patients.
- Conducting a patient’s physical examination.
- Referring patients to a urologist.
- Suggesting adequate renal care.
- Ensuring post-surgery recovery.
- Undertaking studies and research.
Skills Required for Nephrologist
The following are the skills required for nephrologist specialists:
- Critical thinking skills.
- Thorough attention to detail.
- Problem-solving capabilities.
- Scientific Skills
Job Profile for Nephrology
The following are the job profiles for the nephrology course:
|Dialysis Medical Officer||Professor|
A nephrologist specialist can expect a starting salary between INR 2-4 LPA, though the salary offered to a nephrologist differs in the government and corporate sectors. Nephrology specialists can earn a large salary package with good experience in this field. The following is the average salary for a nephrology course:
|Job Profile||Average Salary|
|Nephrologists||INR 5-7 LPA|
|Professor||INR 5-7 LPA|
|Pediatric Nephrologist||INR 7-9 LPA|
|Surgeon||INR 7-9 LPA|
|Transplant Nephrologist||INR 6-8 LPA|
|Nephrology Specialist||INR 4-6 LPA|
|Urologist||INR 5-10 LPA|
|Dialysis Medical Officer||INR 4-6 LPA|
The following are the recruiting sector where nephrologist specialists can get employed:
|Research centres||Dialysis centres|
|Kidney centres||Medical centres|
Top Recruiting Companies
The following are the top recruiting companies where nephrologist specialists can get employed:
|BLK Super Speciality Hospital||Fortis Hospital|
|Vijaya Hospital||S. L. Raheja Hospital|
Frequently Asked Question(FAQs)
Which field is best for science students with Biology (PCB)?
What are some of the best career options for a Science student?
Answer: Check out our list of the top 7 highest-paying science careers for inspiration to guide your career journey.
2. Atmospheric Scientists
3. Biochemists and biophysicists
4. Medical Scientists
6. Materials Scientist
8. Nuclear Technicians
Is nephrology a good career?
The best aspects are learning to apply knowledge, skills and aptitudes to solve challenging problems. There are excellent teaching and research opportunities. The speciality is growing, and a career in nephrology is secure and rewarding.
How can I become a nephrologist in India?
The essential qualification needed to become a Nephrologist is an MBBS degree from an Institute recognised by the Medical Council of India. After completing an MBBS, they should receive an MD degree in General Medicine and then earn MD in Nephrology or DNB in Nephrology.
How much does a nephrologist make?
Nephrology specialists have an average starting salary between INR 2-4 LPA.
Which is better, urology or nephrology?
Nephrologists treat diseases affecting the kidneys and their ability to function, such as diabetes or kidney failure. Urologists treat conditions of the urinary tract, including those that can be affected by the kidneys, such as kidney stones and obstruction.
Can I become a nephrologist without MBBS?
Candidates must possess an MBBS degree followed by M.D. (Medicine) / DNB (Nephrology) course. After attaining the Master’s degree, candidates must do D.M. (Nephrology) to specialize in Nephrology.