Career in Nephrology in India 2024-25: Admission, Course, Jobs & Salary

Career in Nephrology in India: Medical Science is a broad field with numerous sub-disciplines based on the human body parts and the associated diseases. Nephrology is one of the most vibrant and stimulating disciplines among them. Having your kidneys malfunction is even more likely than having your liver malfunction, primarily due to the chronic health conditions that develop at the same time. Kidney disease can develop from health issues like diabetes, obesity, heart disease, and high blood pressure. It can also cause high blood pressure and heart disease to develop, even if you didn’t have these conditions before.

The rise in tobacco and drug consumption has led to a significant increase in patients experiencing kidney-related issues. Nephrology, a specialized medical discipline, focuses on the study and treatment of kidneys, kidney problems, kidney transplantation, and hypertension. This article offers an in-depth exploration of Nephrology, highlighting various career prospects within the field.

Quick Facts

Course Duration3 years
Examination TypeSemester
EligibilityMBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery)
Admission ProcessEntrance-based selection
Average Fees10K-25L
Skills RequiredCritical thinking skills, Compassion, Patience, Scientific Skills
Job ProfilePaediatric, Nephrologist, Surgeon, Dialysis
Recruiting SectorsResearch centres, Dialysis centres, Colleges

What is Nephrology?

Nephrology originates from the Greek words “nephron,” meaning kidney, and “logy,” signifying the study of. Thus, Nephrology is a specialized field focused on the study of kidneys and kidney-related issues. Initially, it was recognized as a medical discipline concerned with understanding normal kidney functions and addressing associated problems.

Later with the advances in technology, the field of Nephrology expanded to artificial organs and dialysis that can help function as a normal kidney. Professionals trained in Nephrology are known as Nephrologists and can treat diseases related to the kidney and other diseases like End-Stage Renal Disease resulting from partial treatment with dialysis.

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Who are Nephrology Specialists?

A nephrologist is a physician who studies and deals with nephrology. Nephrology is the adult and pediatric study of the kidneys and their diseases. The nephrologist deals with the diagnosis and management of kidney disease. The kidneys maintain the body’s normal fluid and electrolyte balance.

They also treat associated issues like high blood pressure, fluid retention, and electrolyte and mineral imbalances. In addition, these specialists are in charge of kidney dialysis treatment (hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis), kidney transplants, and follow-up care. 


Nephrologists are experts in renal health and work to identify issues with your kidneys to help you maintain good health. Your kidneys are important because they filter your blood to remove waste and toxins and monitor and balance the body’s water, acid-base, and mineral ratios. 

Courses for Nephrology

The following is the course for nephrology:

Course NameDuration
Doctorate of Medicine (MD) in Nephrology3 years
Diplomate of the National Board of Medical Exams (D.N.B.) in Nephrology3 years

How to get admission to the Nephrology Course?

The following is the admission procedure for MD in Nephrology:

  • Candidates having an MBBS degree can apply for an MD in Nephrology course with a minimum of 60% marks.
  • Candidates have to appear in NEET PG for admission to the course.

Eligibility Criteria

Given below are the eligibility criteria for students who want to pursue this course:

Age LimitThe maximum age limit is 35 years.
QualificationMBBS degree with MD in General Medicine
Qualifying Entrance ExamNEET PG, JIPMER, PGIMER, AIIMS

Syllabus for Nephrology Course

The following are the semester-wise syllabus for the nephrology course:

Semester ISemester II
Anatomy of KidneyBasic and Advanced Investigations in Renal Diseases
Embryology of the KidneyFluid and Electrolyte Disorders
Physiology of the KidneyBasic Knowledge of Immunology
Semester IIISemester IV
Basic Knowledge of Renal PathologyKidney Diseases in Children
Basic Knowledge of Renal TherapeuticsHereditary Congenital Kidney Diseases
Basic Training in Renal Radiology
Semester VSemester VI
Kidney Diseases in PregnancyInterstitial Diseases
Glomerular DiseasesHypertension Vascular Diseases
Kidney Disorder in Geriatrics

Top Colleges in India for Nephrology Courses

Many colleges in India offer Nephrology courses. Some of the best Nephrology colleges in India are as follows:

College NameLocation
All India Institute of Medical SciencesNew Delhi
Christian Medical CollegeVellore
Andhra Medical CollegeVisakhapatnam
Dr YSR University of Health SciencesVijayawada
Government Medical CollegeKozhikode 
MS Ramaiah Medical CollegeBangalore
Dr DY Patil Medical CollegePune

Diseases that fall under Nephrology

The following are the diseases that fall under the branch of Nephrology:

Renal Vascular Diseases – related to blood vessels within the kidneyGlomerulonephritis and glomerular diseases.
Acute and chronic kidney diseases.Kidney-related metabolic disorders.
Kidney and pancreas transplantation.Lupus
Diabetes.Fluid and electrolyte disorders.
Hypertension.Acid-Base Imbalances
Nephritic Syndrome and NephritisTumours in the Kidney, Uterus, and Bladder
HydronephrosisKidney Stone and Bladder Stone
Diabetes and Urine abnormalitiesGlomerular disorders

Career Opportunities for Nephrology

The demand for Nephrologists is relatively high since a kidney can be easily affected by many medicines and medical problems and is considered the most sensitive organ of the human body. A Nephrologist can work in either private or government hospitals where the chances of being referred by other doctors are pretty high.

Various kidney and dialysis centres offer multiple job opportunities for Nephrologists. Those with good experiences and skill sets can work as Nephrology consultants or start working independently. Colleges and universities offering Nephrology courses also recruit Nephrologists for teaching positions.

Roles of a Nephrologist

The following are the roles of a nephrologist:

  • Consulting visiting patients.
  • Conducting a patient’s physical examination.
  • Referring patients to a urologist.
  • Suggesting adequate renal care.
  • Ensuring post-surgery recovery.
  • Undertaking studies and research. 

Skills Required for Nephrologist

The following are the skills required for nephrologist specialists:

  • Critical thinking skills.
  • Thorough attention to detail.
  • Problem-solving capabilities.
  • Compassion.
  • Patience.
  • Scientific Skills

Job Profile for Nephrology

The following are the job profiles for the nephrology course:

Paediatric Nephrologist Nephrologist
SurgeonTransplant Nephrologist
Dialysis Medical OfficerProfessor
ConsultantsIntervention Nephrologist
Nephrology SpecialistUrologist

Average Salary

A nephrologist specialist can expect a starting salary between INR 2-4 LPA, though the salary offered to a nephrologist differs in the government and corporate sectors. Nephrology specialists can earn a large salary package with good experience in this field. The following is the average salary for a nephrology course:

Job ProfileAverage Salary
NephrologistsINR 5-7 LPA 
ProfessorINR 5-7 LPA 
Pediatric NephrologistINR 7-9 LPA 
SurgeonINR 7-9 LPA 
Transplant NephrologistINR 6-8 LPA 
Nephrology SpecialistINR 4-6 LPA 
UrologistINR 5-10 LPA
Dialysis Medical OfficerINR 4-6 LPA

Recruiting Sectors

The following are the recruiting sectors where nephrologist specialists can get employed:

Research centresDialysis centres
Rehabilitation CentresColleges
Kidney centresMedical centres

Top Recruiting Companies

The following are the top recruiting companies where nephrologist specialists can get employed:

Apollo HospitalsAIIMS
Medanta Manipal Hospital
BLK Super Speciality HospitalFortis Hospital
Vijaya HospitalS. L. Raheja Hospital
Top recruiting companies for nephrology

Frequently Asked Question(FAQs)

Which field is best for science students with Biology (PCB)?

Below are the Available Courses after 12th Science.
>BNYS–Naturopathy & Yogic Science.
>BSMS – Siddha Medicine & Sciences.
>Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry (BVSc. AH)

What are some of the best career options for a Science student?

 Answer: Check out our list of the top 7 highest-paying science careers for inspiration to guide your career journey.
1. Geoscientists
2. Atmospheric Scientists
3. Biochemists and biophysicists
4. Medical Scientists
5. Hydrologist
6. Materials Scientist
7. Chemist
8. Nuclear Technicians

Is a Career in Nephrology in India?

The best aspects are learning to apply knowledge, skills and aptitudes to solve challenging problems. There are excellent teaching and research opportunities. The speciality is growing, and a career in nephrology is secure and rewarding.

How can I become a nephrologist in India?  

The essential qualification needed to become a Nephrologist is an MBBS degree from an Institute recognised by the Medical Council of India. After completing an MBBS, they should receive an MD degree in General Medicine and then earn an MD in Nephrology or DNB in Nephrology.

How much does a nephrologist make?  

Nephrology specialists have an average starting salary between INR 2-4 LPA.

Which is better, urology or nephrology?

Nephrologists treat diseases affecting the kidneys and their ability to function, such as diabetes or kidney failure. Urologists treat conditions of the urinary tract, including those that can be affected by the kidneys, such as kidney stones and obstruction.

Can I become a nephrologist without MBBS?

Candidates must possess an MBBS degree followed by an M.D. (Medicine) / DNB (Nephrology) course. After attaining the Master’s degree, candidates must do a D.M. (Nephrology) to specialize in Nephrology.

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About Harsh

Hello, I'm Harsh Begwani, with a year of expertise in MBBS and Ayush courses. I have detailed knowledge of various colleges' fee structures, cutoffs, and intake procedures. If you're looking for insights or assistance in pursuing MBBS or BAMS courses, feel free to comment below—I'm here to help!

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