Career in Unani Medicine in India: Jobs, Course, Salary and Admission

Career in Unani Medicine in India: Unani is a traditional health and healing maintenance system observed in South Asia. The origins of Unani medicine are found in the doctrines of ancient Greek physicians. Initial treatment in the Unani system involves establishing a diet to normalise and balance the external factors, like air, water and food, associated with the disease. Other remedies, such as natural medicine treatment, may be recommended if this proves insufficient.

India is ranked the highest in universities and research institutes pursuing Unani Medicine. Unani Medicine is an amalgamation of scientific branches like Chemistry, Physics, Botany, Anthropology etc. This article deals with the course outline of Unani medicine and its current scope.

Quick Facts

The following is the brief about the Unani Medicine course:

Course NameBachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery (BUMS)
Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) in Unani
Master of Science (M.S.) in Unani
Post Graduate Diploma in Unani
Course DurationUG: 5.5Years
PG: 2-3 Years
PhD: 3 Years
EligibilityUG: 10+2
PG: BUMS degree
Admission ProcessNEET, AIAPGET
Average Starting Salary2.5 lakhs p.a (approx)
Career OptionsLecturer, Consultant, Private Practice, Medical Assistant, Hakeem
Recruiting IndustriesUnani Charitable institutions, Unani Medical colleges, Unani medicine stores, Unani and ayurvedic Research institutes, Clinic

What are Unani Medicines?

The other names for Unani are Unani Tibb, Arabian Medicine and Islamic Medicine. Unani Medicine is a traditional healing method mainly centred on four factors in the human body. Like other medicines, the prime aim of the Unani treatment method is to help a person lead a life with zero sicknesses or disease free.

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This branch of health science work based on scientific principles and has necessary scientific justifications for each treatment method. The branch is divided into eight disciplines based on how medicines act inside the human body, and they are listed below.

Who are Unani Doctors?

 Unani is recognised as the fourth most popular treatment system. Unani is an alternative-medicine system where patients are cared for by improving the human body’s natural healing energy. Unani’s concept is that the body revitalises itself because of its self-healing energy. The human body has four components per the Unani system: blood, yellow bile, phlegm and black bile.


Unani Doctors are professional physicians who have acquired knowledge of Unani medicine. They diagnose patients and give them Unani medication. However, they cannot prescribe any modern-day medicine or perform allopathic surgeries. They will be as good a doctor as an allopathic doctor but with different procedures and treatments. Unani Doctor’s profession requires much hard work but is extremely rewarding. Unani Medicine offers a safe and cost-effective cure with negligible side effects in a society where increasing difficulties have given rise to several illnesses and deprived and needy people cannot afford costly treatment.

Unani Medicine Courses in India

To work as an Unani Doctor or to make a career in Unani Medicines, one can earn a degree by following Unani courses.

Undergraduate Courses

Course NameDuration
Bachelor of Unani Medicine & Surgery (BUMS) 5.5 Years

Postgraduate Course

Course NameDuration
Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) in Unani 3 Years
Master of Science (M.S.) in Unani 3 Years
Post Graduate Diploma in Unani2 Years

PhD Course

Course NameDuration
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Unani3 Years

How to get admission to Unani Medicine Course?

  • To be eligible for the Unani medicine course, aspiring candidates should have passed from 10+2 with a minimum of 50% aggregate marks in the science stream (PCB).
  • Candidates should have a NEET scorecard.
  • After qualifying NEET examination, candidates must participate in Ayush NEET Counselling conducted by AACCC Central Counselling (AACCC) or State Counselling (AYUSH Dept. of respective State).
  • For postgraduation, AIAPGET is required for admission.

Eligibility Criteria

A candidate must be qualified for the eligibility criteria. To participate in the bachelor’s level BUMS programme for naturopathic medicine, various qualifying requirements must be satisfied.

Eligibility Criteria for Undergraduate courses

Age limitMinimum 17 years of age on December 31 of the application year.

Qualifying Exam
Candidates must have passed 10+2 or equivalent examination with Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology and English as the core subjects.
Candidates must have passed Class 10th with Urdu or Arabic or Persian language as a subject or must have passed the test of Urdu of Class 10th.

Qualifying Exam Marks
All General category candidates must have at least 50% marks in 10+2 or equivalent examination.
Reserved category candidates must have at least 40% marks.
Qualifying Entrance ExamCandidates must have Qualified NEET exam

Eligibility Criteria for Postgraduate courses

Qualifying Exam MarksThe candidate must have BUMS Degree from a well-reputed college and university.
The candidate should have a minimum aggregate of percentile. But the cut-off marks can vary depending on the college.
Qualifying Entrance ExamCandidates must have Qualified AIAPGET exam

Top Unani Medicine College in India

Many colleges in India offer BUMS Courses and other Courses Related to Unani Medicines. A few of them are: Unani Medicine Colleges
1.Jamia Hamdard
2.Chhatrapati Shahu ji Maharaj University
3.Kerala University of Health Sciences
4.Dr YSR University of Health Sciences
5.Jamia Millia Islamia

State-wise Unani Medical Colleges in India

Andhra PradeshNagaland
Arunachal PradeshOdisha
GoaTamil Nadu
Himachal PradeshUttar Pradesh
Jammu & KashmirWest Bengal
KarnatakaAndaman & Nicobar
Madhya PradeshDelhi
MaharashtraDaman & Diu
ManipurDadar & Nagar Haveli

Career Options for Unani Medicine

Unani Medicine is more popular among Indians than among people in Persia or Greece, where it found its origin. Hence, those interested in pursuing Unani can build a good future in this profession. Those interested in teaching can grab a lecture position at universities and colleges pursuing Unani Medicine. A well-qualified Unani doctor can start their own treatment centres or assist senior Unani doctors.

Unani doctors can also research and develop innovative treatment methods with valid scientific evidence. The career opportunities for Unani doctors are much higher in India than in any other country, so doctors can conduct orientation classes to educate the public about the importance of Unani Medicine.

Below are some more job profiles which a candidate can choose after pursuing Unani medicine as a career:

Private PracticeMedical Assistant
Hakeem Scientist
TherapistSpa Director
PharmacistPublic Health Specialist

Job Profile for Unani Medicines

A person or Medical Expert who is trained in Unani Medicine can work under the disciplines listed below:

Internal medicineGynaecology, including Obstetrics and Pediatrics
Diseases of the head and neckToxicology
PsychiatryRejuvenation Therapy, including Geriatrics
SexologyRegimental Therapy

Role of a Unani Doctor

The following are the roles of an Unani Doctor:

  • Monitor and provide general care to patients in hospital wards and clinics.
  • Admit patients requiring special care, followed by investigations and treatment.
  • Examine and talk to patients to diagnose their medical conditions.
  • Carry out specific procedures, like performing operations and specialist investigations.
  • Make notes and prepare paperwork as a legal record of treatment for the benefit of other healthcare professionals.
  • Work with other doctors as part of a team in the same department or other specialities.
  • Promote health education.
  • Undertake managerial responsibilities such as planning the workload and staffing of the department, especially at more senior levels.
  • Teach and supervise junior doctors and medical students.
  • Carry out auditing and research.

Skills Required

The following are the skills required for an Unani Doctor:

  • Communication skills
  • Detail oriented
  • Leadership skills
  • Organizational & Management skills
  • Patience
  • Decision-Making skills
  • Trustworthy and Confidential
  • Emotional Stability

Average Salary

The employer determines the remuneration package based on the candidate’s qualifications and performance. Most employers base their compensation packages on the job profile the candidate accepts. Numerous career options exist in Unani medicine, and the pay scale for these positions is significantly better than for other specialities. The following are sample salaries based on job profiles:

Job profileSalary
HakeemRs 3.5 Lakhs per annum (Approx.)
Unani Institute LecturerRs 4.5 Lakhs per annum (Approx.)
Unani consultantRs 3 Lakhs per annum (Approx.)
Unani therapistRs 2.5 Lakhs per annum (Approx.)
Unani Medicine pharmacistRs 4 Lakhs per annum (Approx.)

Graphical Representation of Average Salary


Top Recruiting Industries

The following are the top recruiting industries:

Unani Charitable institutionsUnani Medical colleges
Unani medicine storeUnani and ayurvedic Research institutes
Unani ClinicUnani medicine system education Training institutes
Clinical Trials Laboratories (Pharmaceuticals)Unani Pharmaceutical industry
ConsultanciesLife science industries
Medical TourismDrug control Sector
Research establishmentsDispensaries
Healthcare CommunityGovernment Hospitals
Nursing HouseThird-Party Administrator (TPA) in the insurance sector

Frequency Asked Question(FAQs)

Which field is best for science students with Biology (PCB)?

Below mentioned Available Courses after 12th Science.
>BNYS–Naturopathy & Yogic Science.
>BSMS – Siddha Medicine & Sciences.
>Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry (BVSc. AH)

What are some of the best career options for a Science student?  

Check out our list of the top 7 highest paying science careers for inspiration to guide your science career journey.
1. Geoscientists
2. Atmospheric Scientists
3. Biochemists and biophysicists
4. Medical Scientists
5. Hydrologist

What is a herbal medicine used for?

Herbal medicines are one type of dietary supplement. They are sold as tablets, capsules, powders, teas, extracts, and fresh or dried plants. People use herbal medicines to try to maintain or improve their health. Many believe that products labelled “natural” are always safe and enjoyable.

How effective is herbal medicine?

Trials suggest it is more effective than a placebo and as effective as prescribed antidepressant drugs such as Prozac in mild-to-moderate depression. Though generally safe, it can interact with other medications, such as the contraceptive pill.

What is the common entrance examination for BUMS courses?

NEET is required for admission into the BUMS course.

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About Manish Verma

Hello, I'm Manish Verma, with a year of expertise in MBBS and Ayush courses. I have detailed knowledge of various colleges' fee structures, cutoffs, and intake procedures. If you're looking for insights or assistance in pursuing MBBS or BAMS courses, feel free to comment below—I'm here to help!

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