Career in Pathology Course in India: Admission, Eligibility, Course, Jobs and Salary

Career in Pathology Course in India: Pathology is defined as the science of abnormalities in the body. Accordingly, the three important types of Pathology are Clinical Pathology, Anatomic Pathology, and Forensic Pathology. Clinical Pathology involves bone marrow biopsies and peripheral smears. Anatomic Pathology focuses on the evolution of tissue either as a specimen taken at surgery. Forensic Pathology is aimed at medical-legal autopsies and investigating the cause of deaths which are happened outside of a hospital.

Indeed, Pathology is the most interesting and stimulating career at the same time. The following article will give you a brief idea about the Career in Pathology in India. Throughout this article, every aspect related to Pathology will be discussed. Read depth info on different Pathology jobs available after doing Pathology courses in India.

1. What is Pathology?
2. Various Pathology Courses in India
3. Eligibility Criteria
4. Top Colleges in India for Pathology
5. Job Opportunities of Pathology Course
6. Roles of a Pathologist
7. Skills of a Pathologist
8. Average Salary
9. Frequently Asked Questions

What is Pathology?

Pathology is a medical discipline that deals with the study of the causes and effects of various diseases. Moreover, a person who is trained in Pathology is called a Pathologist. Pathologists examine body fluids and tissues to study the cause and behaviour of a disease in order to diagnose it completely. When a person or a living organism gets affected by a disease, it may bring out some functional as well as structural changes in the body.

The study of such changes in the body can be termed Pathology. Pathology is a broad field which can be classified further into several branches. Neuropathology, Hematopathology, Cytopathology, Renal Pathology and Dermatopathology are some popular ones among them.

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Various Pathology Courses in India

To work as a Pathologist or to make a career in Pathology, one can earn a degree in following Pathology courses.

NEET PG 2024: Latest Update
Course NameEligibility CriteriaDuration
Master of Science in Medical Technology (M.Sc. Med.Tech.) in PathologyGraduation2 Years
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in PathologyPost Graduation3 Years
Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) in PathologyMBBS2 Years
Certificate Courses in PathologyGraduation1 Year

Admission Procedure

  • The candidates must complete 10+2 to opt for UG courses in pathology.
  • The aspirants who wish to apply for diploma or MD courses in pathology need to complete the MBBS program. The admission to MBBS will be via NEET UG.

Eligibility Criteria

The following are the eligibility criteria for the Pathology course:

Qualification10+2 with science stream for UG courses in pathology
Qualifying DegreeTo become a Pathologist, one needs to graduate with an MBBS degree and then pursue Diploma or MD in Pathology.

Top Colleges in India for Pathology

Many colleges in India offer Pathology courses. Some of the best Pathology colleges in India offering careers in Pathology are as followed.

College NameLocation
Maulana Azad Medical CollegeDelhi
Lady Hardinge Medical CollegeVellore
Christian Medical CollegeTamil Nadu
University College of Medical SciencesNew Delhi
Pariyaram Medical CollegeKannur
Rajendra Institute of Medical SciencesJharkhand

Job Opportunities of Pathology Course

As the worldwide population increases, healthcare needs also increases. Pathologists are extremely in demand with a huge rise in susceptible diseases such as cancer. A Pathologist can do single practice or group practice at their convenience once a degree in Pathology is obtained. Those who have a love for teaching can even grab a teaching position department at colleges and universities pursuing Pathology.

There are many private as well as government hospitals providing job opportunities for a pathologist. A Pathologist can work in healthcare or medical clinics as Pathologist Supervisor or Research partner. Being a Pathologist, since the chances for emergencies are very less their life will be somewhat more stress-free than other physicians.

Job Profile

Job ProfileDescription
Medical ExaminerMedical Examiners are responsible for performing autopsies and external examinations in hospitals and medicals. They examine the causes of death of a person. They have to complete the procedures after the death of a person, like, compiling a death certificate and all findings and then making a report on this.
Mortuary AttendantMortuary Attendants are related to the process of the post-mortem examination of a dead person. They have to assist the forensic pathologist to do an examination of the body, and other than that maintain mortuary rooms and equipment.
CytotechnologistCytotechnologists have to work with the pathologist to evaluate patients’ cell samples in order to notice subtle changes to detect infectious conditions.
Medical Lab TechnicianMedical lab technicians work in a lab to test, examine and analyse collected samples. They have to do tests on body fluids and tissue to assist the physicians. And on the basis of this, physicians diagnose and treat the diseases of patients.

Roles of a Pathologist

  • Record data from autopsies, laboratory results and investigation reports
  • Manage medical laboratories
  • Analyse various methods to cure a disease after the disease has been studied thoroughly
  • Develop new tools and instruments for the proper diagnosis of a disease
  • Participate in conferences, group talks, seminars etc to gain knowledge
  • Educate laboratory technicians, students and staff about the latest medical technologies

Skills of a Pathologist

  • excellent knowledge of the scientific processes behind changes in the body’s cells and tissue, which can cause disease
  • Problem-solving Skills
  • Clinical decision-making skills
  • Organisational skills
  • Time management
  • scientific curiosity and an analytical, enquiring mind
  • Leadership quality.

Average Salary

There are many private as well as government hospital that offers high Paid Jobs to a pathologist. As a fresher and a newbie to this field, your starting salary may be somewhere around 10k to 15k. Bust as you grow and learn to do things properly, you can start your own Pathology Lab. After gaining experience, there is a rise in salary and it can go up to Rs 50,000 per month in very few years.

Job ProfileAverage Salary
Medical ExaminerINR 17 LPA
Mortuary AttendantINR 3.62 LPA
CytotechnologistINR 5.26 LPA
Medical Lab TechnicianINR 2.42 LPA

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Which field is best for science students with Biology (PCB)?

Below mentioned Available Courses after 12th Science:
>BNYS–Naturopathy & Yogic Science.
>BSMS – Siddha Medicine & Sciences.
>Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry (BVSc. AH)

What are some of the best career options for a Science student?

Check out our list of the top 7 highest paying science careers for inspiration to guide your science career journey.
1. Geoscientists
2. Atmospheric Scientists
3. Biochemists and biophysicists
4. Medical Scientists
5. Hydrologist
6. Materials Scientist
7. Chemist
8. Nuclear Technicians

Is pathology a good career?

Top 5 Reasons to be a Pathologist. Every day, pathologists draw on their extensive medical knowledge to identify and diagnose disease processes that help determine patient management and care. Additionally, pathology offers a broad scope of practice and provides a positive work-life balance.

What are the types of pathology?

There are many types of pathology courses.
1. Anatomical pathology
2. Cytopathology.
3. Dermatopathology.
4. Forensic pathology.
5. Histopathology.
6. Neuropathology.
7. Pulmonary pathology

How many years does it take to become a pathologist?

Pathologists typically need a bachelor’s degree, a degree from a medical school, which takes 4 years to complete, and 3 to 7 years in internship and residency programs.

What is a pathology test?

Pathology is a medical speciality that determines the cause and nature of diseases by examining and testing body tissues (from biopsies and pap smears, for example) and bodily fluids (from samples including blood and urine).

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Comments (5)

  1. I have done msc mlt and want to do phd in pathology…. what are the scope in future? Can i become pathologist ?can i open my own lab after phd? And can i work as pathologist in any hospital? Pls guide….


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