NEET Chemistry Syllabus: The National Eligibility Entrance Test (NEET-UG) is a competitive exam conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) for candidates who are seeking admissions to undergraduate MBBS and BDS courses in Government or Private Medical Colleges in India. NEET Chemistry Syllabus is the combination of concepts taught in class 11th and class 12th Organic, Inorganic and Physical Chemistry.
In this article we will discuss NEET Chemistry Syllabus, Strategy To Prepare for exam etc. Before preparing for any competitive exam, candidates should be aware about the syllabus of examination. So, we have collected all the essential details regarding NEET Chemistry Syllabus to help candidates to prepare for the examination.
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|Major Notification||Eligibility Criteria||Exam Pattern|
|Syllabus||Books||Previous Year Paper|
|Sample Paper||Admit Card||Test Series|
|Name of the Examination||National Eligibility cum Entrance Test|
|Commonly Known as||NEET|
|Conducting Body||National Testing Agency (NTA)|
|Time Limit||3 Hours|
|Subject Wise Questions||45|
|Marks per Question||4|
|Negative Marking||Yes (-1)|
|Courses Offered through the exam||MBBS, BDS|
NEET Chemistry Syllabus
The syllabus for NEET Chemistry is none other than class 11th and 12th NCERT book syllabus. Here we have described the detailed NEET Chemistry syllabus, lets have a look.
Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus
|Unit 1: Some basic concepts of Chemistry|| |
|Unit 2: Structure of Atom||Atomic number, isotopes and isobars. Concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light, de Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, concept of orbital, quantum numbers, shapes of s,p, and d orbitals, rules for filling electrons in orbitals – Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principles and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half filled and completely filled orbitals|
|Unit 3: Classification of elements and periodicity in properties||Modern periodic law and long term form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements – atomic radii, ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, election gain enthalpy, electronegativity, valence|
|Unit 4: Chemical Bonding and molecular structure||Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of molecules, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only) . Hydrogen bond|
|Unit 5: States of matter – Gases and Liquids|| |
|Unit 6: Thermodynamics|| |
|Unit 7: Equllibrium||Equilibrium in Physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium Le Chatelier’s principle, ionic equilibrium – ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionization of polybasic acids, acid strength, concept of pH., Hydrolysis of salts(elementary idea), buffer solutions, Henderson equation, solubility product, common ion effect (with illustrative examples)|
|Unit 8: Redox reactions||Concept of oxidation and oxidation and reduction, redox reactions oxidation number, balancing redox reactions in terms of loss and gain of electron and change in oxidation numbers|
|Unit 9: Hydrogen||Occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen, hydrides-ionic, covalent and interstitial; physical and chemical properties of water, heavy water; hydrogen peroxide-preparation, reactions, uses and structure|
|Unit 10: s-Block elements(Alkali and alkaline earth metals)|| |
|Unit 11: Some p-block elements|| |
|Unit 12: Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques|| |
|Unit 13: Hydrocarbons|| |
|Unit 14: Environmental Chemistry||Environmental pollution – Air, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smogs, major atmospheric pollutants; acid rain ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, green house effect and global warming- pollution due to industrial wastes; green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategy for control of environmental pollution|
Class 12th Chemistry Syllabus
Given Below is the list of all the topics included in class 12th for NEET Chemistry syllabus.
|Unit 1: Solid state||Classification of soilds based on different binding forces; molecular, ionic covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea), unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties, Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators|
|Unit 2: Solutions||Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of soilds in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, soild solutions, colligative properties: relative lowering of vapour pressure, Raoult’s law, elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties abnormal molecular mass. Van Hoff factor|
|Unit 3: Electrochemistry||Redox reactions, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity variation of conductivity with concentration, kohlrausch’s law, electrolysis and laws of electrolysis(elementary idea), dry-cell-electrolytic cells and galvanic cells; lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, fuel cells; corrosion|
|Unit 4: Chemical Kinetics||Rate of a reaction(average and instantaneous), factors affecting rates of reaction; concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction; rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half life(only for zero and first order reactions); concept of collision theory(elementary idea, no mathematical treatment). Activation energy, Arrhenious equation|
|Unit 5: Surface Chemistry||Adsorption: physisorption and chemisorption; factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids, catalysis homogenous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity:enzyme catalysis; colloidal state: distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions; lyophilic, lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsions: types of emulsions|
|Unit 6: General principles and processes of isolation of elements||Principles and methods of extraction: concentration, oxidation, reduction electrolytic methods and refining; occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron|
|Unit 7: p-Block elements|| |
|Unit 8: d and f Block elements|| |
|Unit 9: Coordination Compounds||Coordination compounds: Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism (structural and stereo) bonding, Werner’s theory VBT,CFT; importance of coordination compounds(in qualitative analysis, biological systems).|
|Unit 10: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes|| |
|Unit 11: Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers|| |
|Unit 12: Aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids|| |
|Unit 13: Organic compounds containing Nitrogen|| |
|Unit 14: Biomolecules|| |
|Unit 15: Polymers||Classification: natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization. Some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polyesters, Bakelite; rubber, biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers|
|Unit 16: Chemistry in Everyday life|| |
Subject Wise Weightage
According to NEET previous year papers analysis we have listed Chemistry subject and its weightage.
Chapter Wise Weightage
The following table will show the NEET 2019 Chemistry paper chapter wise weightage which will help you to prepare for NEET Entrance exam.
|Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure||5%|
|Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques(1 & 2)||2%+2%|
|s-Block Element (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals)||2%|
|States of Matter: Gases and Liquids||2%|
|Structure of Atom||2%|
|Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers||4%|
|Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids||4%|
|Chemistry in Everyday Life||2%|
|d and f Block Elements||4%|
|General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements||2%|
|Haloalkanes and Haloarenes||3%|
|Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen||3%|
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