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NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2024: Class and Topics-wise Syllabus in PDF

The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) is a highly competitive examination conducted annually by the National Testing Agency (NTA) for students seeking admission to MBBS, BDS, and other allied health courses in various government and private medical colleges in India. Aspiring candidates who wish to pursue a career in the medical field need to have a thorough understanding of the NEET chemistry syllabus.

The NEET chemistry syllabus for the year 2024 comprises topics from both Class 11 and 12. The syllabus has been designed to test the candidates’ knowledge and comprehension of basic chemistry concepts, principles, and applications. The NEET chemistry syllabus is divided into three sections, namely physical chemistry, organic chemistry, and inorganic chemistry.

NEET Syllabus 2024: Quick Fact

Before going into a deep discussion of the NEET Physics syllabus, let’s check some quick facts about the NEET 2024 Syllabus below mention table.

ParticularsDetails
Issuing Authority of NEET 2024 Syllabus PDFNTA (National Testing Agency)
Official Website for releasing NEET Syllabus PDFneet.nta.nic.in
Subjects in NEET SyllabusChemistry, Physics, Biology
(Zoology and Botany)
Total Number of Questions in the NEET Exam200
No. of Questions from NEET Chemistry Section50
No. of Questions from NEET Physics Section50
No. of Questions from NEET Biology Section100 (50 each in Zoology & Botany)

NEET Chemistry syllabus 2024 Chapter-wise

The NEET Chemistry 2024 syllabus is divided into chapters. For their preparation, candidates must prepare specific chapters from class 11th and 12th Chemistry. The following are the topics organised by chapter:

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Class 11th chapter-wise NEET Chemistry syllabus

UnitDescription
Unit 1 – Some Basic Concepts of ChemistryGeneral Introduction – Importance and Scope of chemistry Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory Atomic and molecular masses. Mole concept and molar mass, stoichiometry
Unit 2 – Structure of AtomAtomic number, isotopes and isobars, dual nature of matter and light, de Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, shapes of s,p, and d orbitals, Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principles and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms
Unit 3 – Classification of Elements & Periodicity in PropertiesModern periodic law and long-term form of the periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements
Unit 4 – Chemical Bonding and Molecular StructureValence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, valence bond theory, VSEPR theory, the concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, hydrogen bond
Unit 5 – States of Matter: Gases and LiquidsThree states of matter, Boyle’s law, Charle’s Law, Gay Lussac’s law, Avogadro’s law, ideal behaviour of gases, Avogadro number, and ideal gas equation. Kinetic energy and molecular speeds(elementary idea) Liquid state – Vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension
Unit 6 –
Thermodynamics
First law of thermodynamics, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of: bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, solution and dilution Introduction of entropy as state function, Second law of thermodynamics, Gibbs energy for spontaneous and non-spontaneous process, criteria for equilibrium and spontaneity. Third law of thermodynamics
Unit 7 – EquilibriumEquilibrium in Physical and chemical processes, law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constant, Le Chatelier’s principle, ionic equilibrium, hydrolysis of salts, buffer solutions, Henderson equation, solubility product, common ion effect
Unit 8 –Redox ReactionsConcept of oxidation and oxidation and reduction, redox reactions oxidation number
Unit 9 – HydrogenOccurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen, hydrides-ionic, covalent and interstitial, heavy water; hydrogen peroxide-preparation
Unit 10 –s-Block Elements(Alkali and alkaline earth metals)Group 1 and group 2 elements: Electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, preparation and properties of some important compounds Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogen carbonate, industrial use of lime and limestone, biological importance of Mg and Ca
Unit 11 – Some p-Block ElementsGeneral introduction to p-Block elements Group 13 elements: Electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation of states, trends in chemical reactivity, important compounds: borax, boric acids, boron hydrides, aluminium General 14 elements: Electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation of states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behaviour of first element, carbon Important compounds of silicon
Unit 12 – Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and TechniquesMethods of purification qualitative and quantitative analysis, classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds, electronic displacements in a covalent bond, homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond
Unit 13 – HydrocarbonsAlkanes, alkenes, alkynes, aromatic hydrocarbons
Unit 14 – Environmental ChemistryEnvironmental pollution – Air, water and soil pollution
NEET Chemistry
NEET Chemistry

Class 12th chapter-wise NEET Chemistry syllabus

UnitDescription
Unit 1 – Solid StateClassification of solids based on different binding forces; band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators
Unit 2 – SolutionsTypes of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, the solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties
Unit 3 – ElectrochemistryRedox reactions, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity variation of conductivity with concentration, lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, fuel cells; corrosion
Unit 4 –
Chemical Kinetics
Rate of a reaction(average and instantaneous), factors affecting rates of reaction; concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction; rate law and specific rate constant, activation energy, Arrhenius equation
Unit 5 – Surface ChemistryAdsorption, distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions; lyophilic, lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsions
Unit 6 – General principles and processes of Isolation of ElementsPrinciples and methods of extraction – concentration, oxidation, reduction electrolytic methods and refining; occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron
Unit 7 – p-Block elementsGroup 15 elements, Group 16 elements, Group 17 elements, Group 18 elements
Unit 8 – d- and f-Block ElementsGeneral introduction, electronic configuration, characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first row transition metals, preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4, lanthanide, actinides
Unit 9 –Coordination CompoundsCoordination compounds – Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism (structural and stereo) bonding, Werner’s theory VBT,CFT; importance of coordination compounds
Unit 10 – Haloalkanes and HaloarenesHaloalkanes, haloarenes, dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT – Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties
Unit 11 – Alcohols, Phenols and EthersAlcohols – Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only); identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols, mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol, phenol, ethers
Unit 12 – Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic AcidsAldehydes and ketones, carboxylic acids – Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties
Unit 13 – Organic Compounds containing NitrogenAmines – nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary secondary and tertiary amines, cyanides and isocyanides, diazonium salts
Unit 14 –BiomoleculesCarbohydrates – Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharide (glucose and fructose), D.L. configuration, oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen): importance, proteins, hormones, vitamins, nucleic acids – DNA and RNA
Unit 15 – PolymersClassification – natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization. Some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polyesters, Bakelite; rubber, biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers
Unit 16 –
Chemistry in Everyday Life
Chemicals in medicines, chemicals in food – preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants, cleansing agents

NEET Chemistry 2024 Syllabus Chapterwise Weightage

The NEET chemistry syllabus with weightage is an essential tool for candidates to prepare for the examination. The weightage for each topic varies, and candidates need to focus more on the topics with a higher weightage.

Class 11 Chemistry SectionThe weightage (approximate)
Inorganic Chemistry13%
Organic Chemistry11%
Physical Chemistry22%
Class 12 Chemistry SectionThe weightage (approximate)
Inorganic Chemistry16%
Organic Chemistry22%
Physical Chemistry16%

NEET Chemistry Important Topics

Laws of Chemical CombinationAufbau Principle Pauli S Exclusion Principle Hund S Rule
Atomic Number and Mass NumberDifference Between Sigma Bond and Pi Bond
Hunds Rule118 Element Their Symbols and Atomic Numbers
Difference Between Molecules and CompoundsAufbau Principle
Atomic Number and Mass Number Isotopes and IsobarsLewis Dot Structure
Periodic Classification of ElementsValence Bond Theory
Difference Between Atom and MoleculeGay Lussac Law
Electron ConfigurationHomogeneous Equilibrium
Modern Periodic Table and Its SignificanceHybridization
Mole ConceptHeat Capacity Cp Cv Relation
Heterogeneous EquilibriumHeterogeneous Equilibrium
Charle S LawCharle S Law
Enthalpy ChangeEnthalpy Change
Oxidation and ReductionReducing Agents

Best Book for NEET 2024 Chemistry

The NEET chemistry section consists of 50 questions with a maximum of 180 marks and is divided into three sections: organic, inorganic, and physical. According to the previous year’s trends, the Physical and Organic sections are more weighted, with the Physical section containing numerical-based questions. Compared to the other two sections, the inorganic section is the easiest; it consists of memory-based questions.

Sr. NoName of Books
1.NCERT Chemistry textbooks for Class XI
2.NCERT Chemistry textbooks for Class XII
3.Physical Chemistry by OP Tandon
4.ABC of Chemistry for Classes 11 by Modern
5.ABC of Chemistry for Classes 12 by Modern
6.Dinesh Chemistry Guide
7.Practise books by VK Jaiswal (Inorganic), MS Chauhan (Organic)
and N Awasthi (Physical)
8.Concise Inorganic Chemistry by JD Lee

Read also:

NEET Exam PatternNEET Exam Day Guidelines
Best Books for NEET PreparationNEET Physics Preparation Tips
NEET Chemistry Preparation TipsNEET Biology Preparation Tips
neet.nta.nic.inNEET Latest News Update
NEET Biology MCQNEET Chemistry MCQ
NEET Physics MCQDo or die chapters for NEET
NEET UG Sample PaperNEET Online Test Series
NEET Physic SyllabusNEET Biology Syllabus

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Hello, I am Ritik Kumar Pandey, and I possess two years of experience in providing guidance and assistance to individuals pursuing MBBS, MD, and MS programs. During this period, I had the privilege of working in various prestigious medical colleges where I acquired in-depth knowledge of admission procedures, counseling processes, and various other aspects related to these programs. If you have any questions or require clarification, please feel free to comment, and I will be more than happy to provide you with the necessary information and guidance.

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