The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) is a highly competitive examination conducted annually by the National Testing Agency (NTA) for students seeking admission to MBBS, BDS, and other allied health courses in various government and private medical colleges in India. Aspiring candidates who wish to pursue a career in the medical field need to have a thorough understanding of the NEET chemistry syllabus.
The NEET chemistry syllabus for the year 2023 comprises topics from both Class 11 and 12. The syllabus has been designed to test the candidates’ knowledge and comprehension of basic chemistry concepts, principles, and applications. The NEET chemistry syllabus is divided into three sections, namely physical chemistry, organic chemistry, and inorganic chemistry.
1 NEET Syllabus 2023: Quick Fact
2 NEET Chemistry syllabus 2023 Chapter-wise
3 NEET Chemistry 2023 Syllabus Chapterwise Weightage
4 NEET Chemistry Important Topics
5 Best Books for NEET 2023 Chemistry
6 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
NEET Syllabus 2023: Quick Fact
Before going into a deep discussion of the NEET Physics syllabus, let’s check some quick facts about the NEET 2023 Syllabus below mention table.
|Issuing Authority of NEET 2023 Syllabus PDF||NTA (National Testing Agency)|
|Official Website for releasing NEET Syllabus PDF||neet.nta.nic.in|
|Subjects in NEET Syllabus||Chemistry, Physics, Biology|
(Zoology and Botany)
|Total Number of Questions in the NEET Exam||200|
|No. of Questions from NEET Chemistry Section||50|
|No. of Questions from NEET Physics Section||50|
|No. of Questions from NEET Biology Section||100 (50 each in Zoology & Botany)|
NEET Chemistry syllabus 2023 Chapter-wise
The NEET Chemistry 2023 syllabus is divided into chapters. For their preparation, candidates must prepare specific chapters from class 11th and 12th Chemistry. The following are the topics organised by chapter:
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Class 11th chapter-wise NEET Chemistry syllabus
|Unit 1 – Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry||General Introduction – Importance and Scope of chemistry Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory Atomic and molecular masses. Mole concept and molar mass, stoichiometry|
|Unit 2 – Structure of Atom||Atomic number, isotopes and isobars, dual nature of matter and light, de Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, shapes of s,p, and d orbitals, Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principles and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms|
|Unit 3 – Classification of Elements & Periodicity in Properties||Modern periodic law and long-term form of the periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements|
|Unit 4 – Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure||Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, valence bond theory, VSEPR theory, the concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, hydrogen bond|
|Unit 5 – States of Matter: Gases and Liquids||Three states of matter, Boyle’s law, Charle’s Law, Gay Lussac’s law, Avogadro’s law, ideal behaviour of gases, Avogadro number, and ideal gas equation. Kinetic energy and molecular speeds(elementary idea) Liquid state – Vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension|
|Unit 6 – |
|First law of thermodynamics, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of: bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, solution and dilution Introduction of entropy as state function, Second law of thermodynamics, Gibbs energy for spontaneous and non-spontaneous process, criteria for equilibrium and spontaneity. Third law of thermodynamics|
|Unit 7 – Equilibrium||Equilibrium in Physical and chemical processes, law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constant, Le Chatelier’s principle, ionic equilibrium, hydrolysis of salts, buffer solutions, Henderson equation, solubility product, common ion effect|
|Unit 8 –Redox Reactions||Concept of oxidation and oxidation and reduction, redox reactions oxidation number|
|Unit 9 – Hydrogen||Occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen, hydrides-ionic, covalent and interstitial, heavy water; hydrogen peroxide-preparation|
|Unit 10 –s-Block Elements(Alkali and alkaline earth metals)||Group 1 and group 2 elements: Electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, preparation and properties of some important compounds Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogen carbonate, industrial use of lime and limestone, biological importance of Mg and Ca|
|Unit 11 – Some p-Block Elements||General introduction to p-Block elements Group 13 elements: Electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation of states, trends in chemical reactivity, important compounds: borax, boric acids, boron hydrides, aluminium General 14 elements: Electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation of states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behaviour of first element, carbon Important compounds of silicon|
|Unit 12 – Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques||Methods of purification qualitative and quantitative analysis, classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds, electronic displacements in a covalent bond, homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond|
|Unit 13 – Hydrocarbons||Alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, aromatic hydrocarbons|
|Unit 14 – Environmental Chemistry||Environmental pollution – Air, water and soil pollution|
Class 12th chapter-wise NEET Chemistry syllabus
|Unit 1 – Solid State||Classification of solids based on different binding forces; band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators|
|Unit 2 – Solutions||Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, the solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties|
|Unit 3 – Electrochemistry||Redox reactions, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity variation of conductivity with concentration, lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, fuel cells; corrosion|
|Unit 4 – |
|Rate of a reaction(average and instantaneous), factors affecting rates of reaction; concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction; rate law and specific rate constant, activation energy, Arrhenius equation|
|Unit 5 – Surface Chemistry||Adsorption, distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions; lyophilic, lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsions|
|Unit 6 – General principles and processes of Isolation of Elements||Principles and methods of extraction – concentration, oxidation, reduction electrolytic methods and refining; occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron|
|Unit 7 – p-Block elements||Group 15 elements, Group 16 elements, Group 17 elements, Group 18 elements|
|Unit 8 – d- and f-Block Elements||General introduction, electronic configuration, characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first row transition metals, preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4, lanthanide, actinides|
|Unit 9 –Coordination Compounds||Coordination compounds – Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism (structural and stereo) bonding, Werner’s theory VBT,CFT; importance of coordination compounds|
|Unit 10 – Haloalkanes and Haloarenes||Haloalkanes, haloarenes, dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT – Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties|
|Unit 11 – Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers||Alcohols – Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only); identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols, mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol, phenol, ethers|
|Unit 12 – Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids||Aldehydes and ketones, carboxylic acids – Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties|
|Unit 13 – Organic Compounds containing Nitrogen||Amines – nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary secondary and tertiary amines, cyanides and isocyanides, diazonium salts|
|Unit 14 –Biomolecules||Carbohydrates – Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharide (glucose and fructose), D.L. configuration, oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen): importance, proteins, hormones, vitamins, nucleic acids – DNA and RNA|
|Unit 15 – Polymers||Classification – natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization. Some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polyesters, Bakelite; rubber, biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers|
|Unit 16 – |
Chemistry in Everyday Life
|Chemicals in medicines, chemicals in food – preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants, cleansing agents|
NEET Chemistry 2023 Syllabus Chapterwise Weightage
The NEET chemistry syllabus with weightage is an essential tool for candidates to prepare for the examination. The weightage for each topic varies, and candidates need to focus more on the topics with a higher weightage.
|Class 11 Chemistry Section||The weightage (approximate)|
|Class 12 Chemistry Section||The weightage (approximate)|
NEET Chemistry Important Topics
|Laws of Chemical Combination||Aufbau Principle Pauli S Exclusion Principle Hund S Rule|
|Atomic Number and Mass Number||Difference Between Sigma Bond and Pi Bond|
|Hunds Rule||118 Element Their Symbols and Atomic Numbers|
|Difference Between Molecules and Compounds||Aufbau Principle|
|Atomic Number and Mass Number Isotopes and Isobars||Lewis Dot Structure|
|Periodic Classification of Elements||Valence Bond Theory|
|Difference Between Atom and Molecule||Gay Lussac Law|
|Electron Configuration||Homogeneous Equilibrium|
|Modern Periodic Table and Its Significance||Hybridization|
|Mole Concept||Heat Capacity Cp Cv Relation|
|Heterogeneous Equilibrium||Heterogeneous Equilibrium|
|Charle S Law||Charle S Law|
|Enthalpy Change||Enthalpy Change|
|Oxidation and Reduction||Reducing Agents|
Best Book for NEET 2023 Chemistry
The NEET chemistry section consists of 50 questions with a maximum of 180 marks and is divided into three sections: organic, inorganic, and physical. According to the previous year’s trends, the Physical and Organic sections are more weighted, with the Physical section containing numerical-based questions. Compared to the other two sections, the inorganic section is the easiest; it consists of memory-based questions.
|Name of Books||Buy Link Here|
|NCERT Chemistry textbooks for Class XI||Click Here|
|NCERT Chemistry textbooks for Class XII||Click Here|
|Physical Chemistry by OP Tandon||Click Here|
|ABC of Chemistry for Classes 11 by Modern||Click Here|
|ABC of Chemistry for Classes 12 by Modern||Click Here|
|Dinesh Chemistry Guide||Click Here|
|Practise books by VK Jaiswal (Inorganic), MS Chauhan (Organic)|
and N Awasthi (Physical)
|Concise Inorganic Chemistry by JD Lee||Click Here|
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
What is the NEET chemistry syllabus for 2023?
NEET chemistry syllabus 2023 is the list of topics and sub-topics that candidates need to study to appear for the NEET examination in 2023. The syllabus includes topics from both class 11 and class 12, and it is designed to test the candidates’ knowledge and comprehension of basic chemistry concepts, principles, and applications.
How is the NEET chemistry syllabus 2023 divided?
The NEET chemistry syllabus 2023 is divided into three sections, namely physical chemistry, organic chemistry, and inorganic chemistry.
What are some of the essential topics covered in physical chemistry?
Some of the essential topics covered in physical chemistry include laws of thermodynamics, states of matter, chemical equilibrium, electrochemistry, surface chemistry, and chemical kinetics.
What are some of the essential topics covered in organic chemistry?
Some of the essential topics covered in Organic Chemistry include the classification of organic compounds, isomerism, general organic chemistry, reactions of organic compounds, and biomolecules.
What are some of the essential topics covered in inorganic chemistry?
Some of the essential topics covered in inorganic chemistry include the periodic table, chemical bonding and molecular structure, coordination of compounds, and metallurgy.
Is the NEET chemistry syllabus 2023 topic-wise?
What is the weightage for each topic in the NEET chemistry syllabus 2023?
The weightage for each topic in the NEET chemistry syllabus 2023 varies, and candidates can find the NEET chemistry syllabus with weightage on the NTA’s official website.
How can candidates prepare for the NEET chemistry syllabus 2023?
Candidates can prepare for the NEET chemistry syllabus 2023 by referring to relevant study materials, solving previous years’ question papers, and focusing on each topic with the right weightage. It is essential to have a good understanding of the fundamental concepts, theories, and applications of each topic to excel in the examination.